China

Duration Events

The first Dynasty, the Shang, controlled China.

1700 BCE - 1100 BCE

The first Dynasty, the Shang, controlled China.

A series of dynasties including Zhou, Qin and Han controlled the area.

1100 BCE - 1644

A series of dynasties including Zhou, Qin and Han controlled the area.

Lao-Tzu life; Taoism is based on him

600 BCE - 500 BCE

Lao-Tzu life; Taoism is based on him

Confucianism

551 BCE - 479 BCE

Confucius, a Chinese philospher, lives. His thinking about the importance of order, education, and hierarchy in a well-ordered society was named Confucianism.

Buddhism grows into an important religion in China

300 - 400

Buddhism grows into an important religion in China.

European travelers began to visit China

1200 - 1300

European travelers began to visit China.

Spheres of Influence

1800 - 1900

European powers sought access to Chinese markets; China was carved into spheres of influence controlled by Britain...

Chiang's troops fight against warlords of China and united most of the country

1920 - 1930

Chiang's troops fight against warlords of China and united most of the country.

Chinese Communist Party became an increasingly powerful force in China

1920 - 1940

Chinese Communist Party became an increasingly powerful force in China.

Deng Xiaoping (a moderate) becomes China's most powerful leader

1980 - 1990

Deng Xiaoping (a moderate) becomes China's most powerful leader.

Single Events

Qin Dynasty unites smaller states under a strong...

221 BCE

Qin Dynasty unites smaller states under a strong central government and established an empire.

Marco Polo sets off from Venice on a journey to China

1271

Marco Polo sets off from Venice on a journey to China.

Manchu people invaded China and established the Qing Dynasty

1644

Manchu people invaded China and established the Qing Dynasty.

Boxer Rebellion

1900

Boxer Rebellion

Manchus were overthrown by revolutionaries

1911

Manchus were overthrown by revolutionaries.

Sun Yat-Sen and others founded the Kuomintang, or Nationalist Party

1912

Sun Yat-Sen and others founded the Kuomintang, or Nationalist Party

Sun Yat-Sen dies; Chiang Kai-Shek takes over Nationalist Party

1925

Sun Yat-Sen dies; Chiang Kai-Shek takes over Nationalist Party.

Mao Zedong and Communists gain power in China

1949

Mao Zedong and Communists gain power in China.

Health Care

1950

Great achievement of China has been to provide health care for its enormous far-flung population.

Mao dies

1976

Mao dies

Jiang Zemin becomes president

1993

Jiang Zemin becomes president.

Zhu Rongji becomes premier

1998

Zhu Rongji becomes premier.

China's estimated population was about 1.3 billion

2000

China's estimated population was about 1.3 billion.