the cold war


Yalta Conference

February 4, 1945 - February 11, 1945

Meeting between Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin to decide what would happen at the end of the war.

V E day

May 8, 1945

Victory in Europe as Germany surrenders to the Russian army.

Potsdam Conference

July 17th 1945 - August 2nd 1945

The Potsdam Conference formally divided Germany and Austria into four zones. It was also agreed that the German capital Berlin would be divided into four zones. The Russian Polish border was determined and Korea was to be divided into Soviet and American zones.


August 6, 1945

The United States dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima.


August 8, 1945

The United States dropped the second atomic bomb on Nagasaki.

V J day

september 2 1945

The Japanese surrendered bringing World War Two to an end.

Churchill’s Iron Curtain Speech

March 5, 1946

Churchill delivers his ‘Sinews of Peace’ speech which contain the famous phrase “ iron curtain has descended on Europe”.

Truman Doctrine

March 12, 1947

President Truman promised to help any country facing a Communist takeover.

Berlin Blockade

June 24 1948 - May 1949

Russia’s response to the merger of the French, USA and UK partitions of Berlin was to cut all road and rail links to that sector. This meant that those living in Western Berlin had no access to food supplies and faced starvation. Food was brought to Western Berliners by US and UK airplanes, an exercise known as the Berlin Airlift.

Death of Stalin

March 5, 1953

Joseph Stalin died at the age of 74. He was succeeded by Nikita Khrushchev.