Annotated Indian Independence Timeline

Events

British East India Company

1600 - 1874

This was a trading company set up by the British in Southeast Asia, and in particular India. The company traded in commodities such as cotton, silk, opium, and salt. While the focus of the company was trade, the company brought British into India and exposed them to India's value as a colony.

Sepoy Mutiny

1857 - 1858

Sepoy Mutiny was when the Indians rebelled against the British East India Company. The Sepoys felt that the British were getting rid of Indian culture. A rumor spread that "the bullet cartridges issued to soldiers would be greased in cow and pig fat. The soldiers were told to bite off the greased paper. This was disrespectful to Hindus and Muslims because cows and pigs are sacred to them. Yet, the cartridges weren't given to the Sepoys but the rumor spread too fast and far to stop. This caused Sepoys to rob British homes and kill British officers.

Indian National Congress founded

1885

This was the rise of Indian Nationalism. Lawyer and merchants founded the Congress to make the British provide equal rights and include Indian involvement in the government.

The Amritsar Massacre

4/1919

Amritsar was a place where many Indians protested the British government. Amritsar was under British rule. In April the ruler banned all protest and traditional fairs. Many people coming into town did not know this so when they came, British troops surrounded a crowd and opened fire killing several hundreds and wounding thousands. This tragedy had a "profound effect" on Mohandas Gandhi. He was in favor of British having "partial autonomy of India", but after the Massacre, he felt that India should have full independence.

Boycott of British Goods

1920

Gandhi influenced Indians to boycott British goods and Indian goods instead. This would help put the Indian Economy regenerate while destroying the British economy. He spoke on "passive resistance", which means to not act in violence against the British because it will only arouse a negative reaction.

Salt March

March 12, 1930 - April 6, 1930

The Indian National Congress used nonviolent protest as their main strategy to gain independence. Mohandas Gandhi "proposed marching to the sea to protest the Salt Act of 1882. This Act made it "illegal for anyone to collect or produce salt except for authorized British nationals". This march resulted in international attention which gave acknowledgement to the Indian Independence Movement and created Civil Disobedience.

Partition of India

1947

British and Indian leaders agreed to divide the country into India and Pakistan. The population of Muslims would be in Pakistan. The population of Hindus would be in India.

End of British Rule

1947

The British Rule took a political dialogue with the Indian National Congress that would lead to the independence of India.

Gandhi Dies

1948

Mohondas Gandhi was assassinated by a Hindu extremist. Gandhi impacted the world by exposing it to civil disobedience and fighting for one's country's independence.