Japanese/US Comaparative Timeline

By Emily Schnepp

Eras

Jomon Period

14000 bc - 300 ad

No use of metal. used cords to texture pottery. Limited agriculture. Rich in tools, jewelry, figurines, lacqerwork, and pottery.

Yayoi Period

300 bc - 300 ad

New pottery styles and intensive rice agriculture in paddy fields. Techniques in metallurgy using bronze and iron were introduced.

Yamato Period

250 - 710

Adopted Chinese calendar, religious practices, ethics and government.

Asuka Period

538 - 710

Japan changed its name from Wa to Nihon. Transformed politically. Introduced Buddhism.

Nara Period

710 - 794

Established Buddhism

Heian Period

794 - 1185

Chinese influence. War at its height. Rise of the samurai class.

Kamakura Period

1185 - 1333

Land based economics and advanced military.

Muromachi Period

1337 - 1573

The arts and religion flourished. Shinto gained popularity.

Edo

1603 - 1868

Economic growth. Strict social orders. Isolationist foreign policy. Increase in environmental protection and popular enjoyment of arts and culture.

Meiji Period

1868 - 1912

Became a Democracy and initiated taxes.

Taisho Period

1912 - 1926

Became Liberal. World War I occurred.

Showa Period

1926 - 1989

Totalitarianism, ultranationalism, fascism,. Defeated in World War II. Democracy after WWII.

Heisei Period

1989 - Present

Major economic growth. Regained military power. Strongest earthquake in history occurred.

Capitals

Nara

710 - 784

Kyoto (Heian)

1180 - 1868

Kamakura

1185 - 1333

Tokyo (Edo)

1868 - Present

Important People In Japanese History

Oda Nobunaga

1534 - 1582

The initiator of the unification of Japan under the shogunate. Was a major daimyo. Conquered a third of Japan.

Toyotomi Hideyoshi

1536 - 1598

Was a daimyo, a warrior, and a politician. He united the political factions of Japan. He became a lord and said that only samurais could bear arms.

Ieyasu Tokugawa

1543 - 1616

Founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan.

Meiji Emperor

1852 - 1912

Revolutionized Japan politically, socially, and industrially. Created new government.

Japanese Events

Hiragana was created

800

Tale of Genji was written

1021

Matthew Perry and the "blackships" first came to Japan

1543

Christianity first came to Japan

1545

First constitution was written

1881

Tokyo Earthquake

1923

The atomic bombs were dropped

1945

Tokyo Olympics

1964

Kobe Earthquake

1995

US Events

Columbus sailed and discovered the new world

1492

Jamestown, VA established

1607

Boston Massacre

1770

Declaration of Independance

1776

George Washington became first president

1789

Washington, DC became US capital

1790

Lewis and Clark exploration of the West

1804 - 1806

State of Oregon established

1859

Civil War occurred

1861 - 1865

Wright Brothers fly first plane

1903

City of Gresham established

1905

World War I

1914 - 1918

World War II

1939 - 1945

Bombing of Pearl Harbor

1941

Vietnam War

1955 - 1975