History of Childhood

Events

Children in Medieval England

500 - 1500

-High Death Rate among children
-Parents still loved and cared for their children (even though most died early in their lives)
-First laws put in place to distinguish children at puberty
-Christian lifestyles
-Children breastfed until 2 years or older
-Had tasks for children based on gender
-No school, only parental education of religion
-"Poppet" dolls were prevalent for young girls
-Children did serious work once they reached puberty (about 12-14 years old) which includes house work, agricultural work, and craftsmen work

Information from:
http://www.representingchildhood.pitt.edu/medieval_child.htm

European Children

1200 - 1500

-Children were seen as "mini adults" as they dressed and acted like adults
-They did not have school, instead they learned the family trade and worked in kitchens/stables
-Children were viewed as "easily replaceable" since they died so often
-Children were beaten for doing wrong

Information from:
Slideshow lesson in class

Aboriginal Children prior to European settlement

1400 - 1500

-Children lived in KIN (family) groups
-People spoke many different languages
-Children were treated equally as adults
-Daughters helped bring up other children
-Sons helped the men hunt
-Girls became adults at menstration
-Boys become adults after completing an achievement (ex: killing a moose)

Information from:
Slideshow lesson in class

European Children

1500 - 1800

-Christianity became very popular
-NEW VIEW... children have souls so they should be protected and taught
-Religious schools
-Children were seen as innocent and pure
-Children played and had fun
-Seem as "cherubs" and "angels"

Information from:
Slideshow lesson in class

English/French Settler Children

1600 - 1700

-Kids were physically punished (and a large rule was "Do not speak until you are told")
-Girls did embroidery
-Boys did woodwork
-Girls did things as mothers did, Boys did things as fathers did

-There were many orphanages opened in France for unwanted or travelling children during these years

Information from:
Slideshow lesson in class

Pioneer Family's and Children

1700 - 1800

-Child mortality was very high
-Public schooling become more common compared to Catholic schooling done through a church
-Children were expected to learn English, as well as how to write English

Information from:
Slideshow lesson in class

Aboriginal Children during European settlement

1800 - 1900

-Indian Act (1885-1951): banned cultural practices of Indigenous people
-Epidemics and small pox killed many Indigenous children in large numbers

Information from:
Slideshow lesson in class

European Children

1800 - 1900

-Living classes distinguished lifestyles of family's and children
-Rich children got to attend school
-Poor children did not attend school with rich children (instead, they were provided education by churches)
-Children are now of value depending on their size
-Lots of child labor occurred

Information from:
Slideshow lesson in class

Early Canadian Children

1800 - 1900

-Family's left rural areas to go to the city
-Young boys were expected to leave school once they grew older in order to work and support their family
-Many children lost parents due to the many accidents, diseases, and illnesses, leaving them alone, and sometimes in prison
-Children are now viewed as a "menace" to society
-High Schools, Reform Schools, and Trade Schools became common in the late years
-It was MANDATORY to go to school until the age of 16
-The term "teenagers" was first used in early 1900s

Information from:
Slideshow lesson in class

Recent Canadian Children

1900 - Present

-Children now spend more time playing then doing chores
-Children are now expected to attend school until they are 18
-There is NO child labor
-Children spend more time with peers of the same age then adults
-There is now a much better Health Care System (meaning less Diseases and Epidemics!)
-Children are NOT isolated from adult society (exposed to "adult life" on T.V. and in media)
-Stress level in children is very high
-The social challenges of kids today are relatively the same

Information from:
Slideshow lesson in class