India and british colonialism


East India Company

1757 - 1858

The east India company, which was british, ruled India.

Clive of Indias victory at Plassey


Clive of India was a british officer who established the military an political supremacy of the east india company.

The indian mutiny


Indian rebellions fought against the british rule in India. The mutiny was sparked after the british started using pork and cow fat in some way in their guns. Cows are sacred in hinduism and pork is sacred in Islam, so the people of India felt like their religion was not respected. The war resulted in the end of the rule of the East India Company, but instead it lead to british rule directly from the british royal family. The indian people lost hundreds of thousands of soldiers, while the british only lost a few thousands.

British Raj

1858 - 1947

India was ruled directly by Britain after the first war of indian independence.

Queen Victoria was declared empress of India


The indian national congress is organized


Nationalist leaders organize the Indian National Congress in 1885, calling for greater democracy to empower professional Indians like themselves. Known as the Congress party, the group hopes to use peaceful protest to achieve its goals. Members support modernization on a western model, but their ultimate dream is to achieve Indian self-rule.

The massacre at Amritsar


After World War I, Indians are growing increasingly frustrated that they fought for Britain but still have no freedom in their own land. On April 13, 1919, British General Reginald Dyer fires on a peaceful public meeting in Amritsar, in northern India. The resulting massacre convinces many Indians that they need independence from Britain.

Gandhi launched campaign


Nationalist figurehead Mahatma Gandhi launches anti-British civil disobedience campaign.