Rise of the Roman Empire

Banning Mucha

Empire Building

Rome founded

753 BCE

According to legend, Rome was founded by the twin brothers Romulus and Remus.

Greeks colonize southern Italy

750 BCE

Greeks started a colonization drive, that included southern Italy.

Etruscans control Rome and build city

650 BCE

Influenced Roman culture. Romans adopted toga and short cloak.

First Punic War

264 BCE

Fought between Ancient Carthage and the Roman Republic.

Second Punic War

218 BCE

Second War between Carthage and the Roman Republic, referred to as The Hannibalic War by the Romans.

Third Punic War

149 BCE

The last war fought between Carthage and the Roman Republic.

Roman conquest of Mediterranean Sea

133 BCE

Romans battled with Carthage for the Mediterranean trade routs.

Romans conquer Italy

265 CE

Rome had a strong, stable government was able to take over Italy.

Government

The Twelve Tables

450 BCE

Rome's first code of laws.

Council of the Plebs convened

287 BCE

Officials called the Tribunes of the Plebs protected the Plebeians.

Pax Romana

278 BCE

A series of five good emperors created a period of peace and prosperity.

First Triumvirate

60 BCE

Julius Caesar, Crassus and Pompey ran the government.

Augustus named imperator

27 BCE

The Senate gave Augustus the title of "imperator" or commander in chief.

Nero commits suicide

65 CE

Emperor Nero faced the death penalty; to escape he committed suicide.

Culture

The great slave revolt in Sicily

104 BCE

70,000 slaves revolted.

Spartacus leads slave revolt

73 BCE

The most famous revolt, led by Spartacus, defeated several Roman armies.

Spartacus dies

71 BCE

Spartacus is captured and killed.

Famous fire

64 CE

Emperor Nero was falsely accused of starting the famous fire of 64 CE.

Daily Life

All Roman citizens equal under law

287 BCE

Despite the law, the wealthy still dominated political offices.

Roman citizenship to every free person in the empire

212 CE

Male land-owners in Rome were granted citizenship.