Sonja Alexander

Events

Jesus of Nazareth

4 BCE - 30 CE

A Jewish preacher and teacher in the rural areas of Galiliee and Judea who was crucified by the Romans.

Paul of Tarsus

50 CE - 60 CE

Originally known as Saul, Paul was a Greek-speaking Roman and Jew who underwent a miraculous conversion and became the most important proponent of Christianity.

Jewish Rebellion against Rome

66 AD - 73 AD

"The Great Revolt", the first of three rebellions by the Jews, fought in the Eastern Mediterranean.
The result of this rebellion was a Roman victory with destruction of Jerusalem and its Temple.

Gospel of Matthew

80 AD

Written for a Jewish audience to see Christ (Jesus), his connections and actions pertaining to Jewish prophesy.

Marcion

85 AD - 160 AD

His theology rejected the deity described in the Hebrew Scriptures. He was a wealthy ship-owner who stood before the presbyters to expound his teachings in order to win others to his point of view.

Justin Martyr

100 - 165

Studied Stoic, Platonic, and other pagan philosophies and then became a Christian in 132. He traveled from all over to include Rome oping to covert pagans.

Montanus

101 - 200

He was a religious leader who founded Montanism, a schismatic movement of Christianity in Asia Minor(Modern Turkey) and North Africa from the 2nd to to the 9th centuries.

Tertullian

160 - 225

Born Quintus Septimius Florens Terullianus was a prolific early Christian author from Carthage in the Roman province of Africa.

Origen

185 - 254

Origen Adamantius was a Hellenistic scholar and early Christian theologian who was born and spent the first half of his career in Alexandria. He was famous for composing the seminal work of Christian Neoplatonism.

Arius

250 AD - 336 AD

Arius was a Christian presbyter and ascetic of Berber origin and priest in Baucalis in Alexandria, Egypt. His teachings gave rise to a theological doctrine known as Arianism,which, in affirming the created, finite nature of Christ.

Constantine's conversion to Christianity

306

Powerful Emperor of Rome in 306. His conversion happened during a war against his Brother in law. It helped Christianity in many ways. Followers were safe from persecution and Christian leaders were given many gifts by the Emperor.

Pelagius

360 - 420

Theologian of British origin who advocated free will and asceticism. He was accused by Augustine of Hippo and others of denying the need for divine aid in performing good works. He taught that human beings were free and had to take responsibility for their own salvation (connected to the eastern church).

Benedict

480 AD - 543 AD

Benedict founded 12 communities for Monks at Subiaco, Lazio, Italy (about 40 miles east of Rome). He later moved to Monte Cassino in the mountains of southern Italy.

Emperor Justinian

527 AD - 565

He was made Byzantine emperor at age 66. Ruling in a transitional epoch, he was both a conscious steward of the past and a pragmatic innovator.

Gregory the Great

540 AD - 604 AD

He was the Pope of the Catholic Church 590 and 604 AD.

Anselm

1033 - 1109

He was a Benedictine monk, philosopher, and theologian of the Catholic Church.

Peter Abelard

1079 - 1149

He championed the use of reason in matters of faith (he was the first to use ‘theology’ in its modern sense), and his systematic treatment of religious doctrines are as remarkable for their philosophical penetration and subtlety as they are for their audacity.

Thomas Aquinas

1225 - 1274

Philosopher and theologian St. Thomas Aquinas was born in Italy. Combining the theological principles of faith with the philosophical principles of reason, he ranked among the most influential thinkers of medieval Scholasticism.

Meister Eckhart

1260 - 1327

He was a philosopher, theologian, and mystic who lived and worked in the Dominican Order.

John Hus

1369 AD - 1415 AD

Hus denounced various church abuses in his sermons. His disputes were with matters of church discipline and practice.

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

Saxony Priest,Monk, and theologian. Luther rejected several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. He strongly disputed the Catholic view on indulgences. Luther taught that salvation and eternal life are not earned by good deeds but are received only as the free gift of God's grace through the believer's faith in Jesus Christ as redeemer from sin.

Ignatius Loyola

1491 - 1556

Founded the Religious order called the Society of Jesus.

John Calvin

1509 - 1564

Theologian and ecclesiastical statesman. He was the leading French Protestant Reformer and the most important figure in the second generation of the Protestant Reformation.

Teresa of Avila

1515 - 1582

She was a Spanish mystic, writer and reformer of the Carmelite order. She was an influential and pivotal figure of her generation.

John of the Cross

1542 - 1591

Saint John of the Cross was a reformer of the Carmelite.

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Prompted by the Reformation, the Council of Trent was highly important for its sweeping decrees on self-reform and for its dogmatic definitions that clarified virtually every doctrine contested by the Protestants.

Creation of Anglican Church

1562

"Of England" ... It began in the 16th century and is worldwide. The Anglican Church evolved as part of the Roman church.

Rene Descartes

1596 - 1650

Formulated the modern version of the mind–body problem. In metaphysics, he also provided arguments for the existence of God to show that the essence of matter is extension, and that the essence of mind is thought.

George Fox

1624 - 1961

Preacher, missionary and founder of the Society of Friends (or Quakers); his personal religious experience made him hostile to church conventions.

Immanuel Kant

1724 CE - 1804 CE

He argues that the human understanding is the source of the general laws of nature that structure all our experience; and that human reason gives itself the moral law, which is our basis for belief in God, freedom, and immortality.