Survey of Music History Main Timeline

For Dr. Brett Boutwell's Fall 2012 Final Exam

Ancient Greece and Rome

OLDEST NEARLY COMPLETE PIECE

1400 bc - 1250 bc

homers odyssey and illiad

800 bc

sang not spoken

rome founded

753 bc

PYTHAGOREUS DIES

500 bc

EURIPIDES WRITES ORESTES

408 bc

Plato writes Republic

380 bc

ARISTOXENUS WRITES HARMONIC ELEMENTS

330 bc

aristotle writes politics

330 bc

Virgil writes Aenid

29 bc - 19 bc

EPITAPH OF SEIKILOS

0 CE

CLEONIDES WRITES HARMONIC INTRODUCTION

100 ce

PTOLEMY WRITES HARMONICS

127 - 148

ARISTIDES QUINTILLIANUS WRITES ON MUSIC

300 ce

The Early Christian Church

Romans Conquer Jerusalem

63 BCE

Crucifixion of Jesus

33 ce

Emperor Constantine issues Edict of Milan

313 ce

this legalizes christianity

Christianity becomes official roman religion

392 ce

Martianus Capella writes The Marriage of Mercury and Philology

400 ce

BOETHIUS DE INSTITUTIONE MUSICA

500 CE - 510 CE

Rule of St. Benedict guide for monasteries in the west

530 ce

SCHOLA CANTORUM ESTABLISHED

680 - 700

PEPIN ORDERS USE OF ROMAN LITURGY IN CHANT

754 CE

reign of Charlemagne

768 - 814

charlemagne crowned emperor by pope

800

MUSICA ENCHIRADIS AND SCOLICA ENCHIRADIS

850 - 900

GUIDO DE AREZZO WRITES MICROLOGUS

1025 - 1028

final split between roman and byzantine churches

1054

Roman Liturgy and Chant

Rule of St. Benedict

530 ce

European population Triples in size

1000 - 1300

LAST MAJOR ITEM ADDED TO MASS (CREDO)

1014

WIPO "VICTIMAE PASCHALI LAUDES"

1020 - 1050

split between roman and byzantine churches

1054

battle of hastings, england falls to normans

1066

First Crusade

1095 - 1099

magna carta signed

1215

European Society: 800-1300

Windmills and water powered mills provide mechanical power

1050

Universities of Bologna, Paris, and Oxford established

1100

BERNART DE VENTADORN "CAN VEI LA LAUZETA MOVER"

1170 - 1180

COMTESSA DE DIA "A CHANTOR"

1200

St. Thomas Aquinas

1225 - 1274

Seventh Crusade

1270

CANTIGAS DE SANTA MARIA

1270 - 1290

ADAM DE LA HALLE "JEU DE ROBIN ET DE MARION"

1284

Early Polyphony

WULFSTAN OF WINCHESTER: POLYPHONY IN WINCHESTER TROPER

992 CE - 996 CE

AQUITANIAN POLYPHONY

1100 - 1200

AD ORGANUM FACIENDUM

1100

death of St. Anselm, founder of scholasticism

1109

first gothic buildings

1140

LEONIN AT CATHEDRAL OF PARIS

1150 - 1201

construction of notre dame in paris begins

1160

PEROTIN AT NOTRE DAME

1200

EARLY MOTETS COMPOSED

1200 - 1220

"SUMER IS ICUMEN IN"

1250

FRANCO OF COLOGNE (FRANCONIAN MOTETS)

1280

FRANCO COMPILES "ARS CANTUS MENSURABILIS"

1280

TREATY KNOWN AS "ANONYMOUS IV"

1285

14th Century France and Italy

Mechanical clocks and magnetic compass introduced

1300

Dante writes divine comedy

1307

Pope Clement IV moves papal seat to Avignon

1309

famine in northwestern europe

1315 - 1322

PHILLIPE DE VITRY "IN ARBORIS"

1315 - 1320

ROMAN DE FAUVEL (MANUSCRIPT WITH MUSIC)

1317

ARS NOVA TREATISE ON NEW RHYTHMIC TECHNIQUES

1320

MACHAUT ENTERS SERVICE OF JOHN OF LUXEMBOURG

1323

JACQUES DE LIEGE "SPECULUM MUSICAE"

1330

hundred years war btw france and italy

1337 - 1453

MACHAUT BECOMES CANON AT REIMS CATHEDRAL

1340

JEHAN DE MURS WRITES HIS TREATY DESCRIBING MENSURATION SIGNS

1340

black death (the plague) kills one third of europe

1347 - 1350

Bocaccio writes "the decameron"

1348 - 1353

FIRST TRANSCRIPTION OF MACHAUT'S WORKS

1350

JACOPO DE BOLOGNA "NON AL SUO AMANTE"

1350 - 1360

MACHAUT "MESSE DE NOSTRE DAME"

1360 - 1370

FRANCESCO LANDINI AT SAN LORENZO IN FLORENCE

1365 - 1397

PHILLIPUS DE CASERTA "EN REMIRANT VO DOUCE PORTRAITURE"

1370 - 1380

great schism in the papacy

1378 - 1417

Geoffrey Chaucer writes "Canterbury tales"

1387 - 1400

SQUARCIALUPI CODEX

1410 - 1415

Music and The Renaissance

European Economy begins to grow

1400

end of papal schism

1417

Joan of Arc burned at the stake

1431

Gutenberg invents movable type

1450

turks conquer Constantinople, ending the byzantine empire

1453

Isabella and Ferdinand form modern spain

1469

JOHANNES TINCTORES "LIBER DE ARTE CONTRAPUNCTI"

1477

jews and muslims exiled from spain

1492

columbus reaches the west indies

1492

DaVinci paints "the last supper"

1495

PETRUCCI PUBLISHES "ODHECATON"

1501

Michelangelo sculpts "David"

1504

Martin Luther posts his "95 Thesis" starting the protestant reformation

1517

council of trent

1545 - 1563

HEINRICH GLAREANUS "DODEKACHORDON"

1547

GIOSEFFO ZARLINO "LE ISTITUTIONI ARMONICHE"

1558

Shakespeare writes "Romeo and Juliet"

1594

England and Burgundy in the 15th Century

reign of philip the good, duke of burgundy

1419 - 1467

Burgundy allied with England in war against France

1419 - 1435

GUILLAME DU FAY AT RIMINI WRITES "RESVELLIES VOUS"

1420 - 1424

JOHN DUNSTABLE POSSIBLY WITH ENGLISH IN FRANCE

1420 - 1430

BINCHOIS AT BURGUNDIAN COURT

1427 - 1453

DU FAY ALTERNATIVELY WITH PAPAL CHAPEL OR SAVOY COURT

1428 - 1439

DU FAY'S "NUPER ROSARUM FLORES" IN FLORENCE

1436

DU FAY AT CAMBRAI IN BURGUNDY

1439 - 1452

DU FAY IN SAVOY WRITES "MISSA SE LA FACE AY PALE"

1452 - 1458

DU FAY AT CAMBRAI AGAIN

1458 - 1474

Francis the Bold dies in Battle, France absorbs the Duchy of Burgundy

1477

Franco-Flemish Composers, 1450-1520

JEAN DE OCKEGHEM AT FRENCH ROYAL CHAPEL

1451 - 1497

England defeated in 100 years war

1453

ANTOINE BUSNOYS ENTERS SERVICE OF CHARLES, FUTURE DUKE OF BURGUNDY

1466

Mary of Burgundy marries Maximillian of Hapsburg

1478

joining low countries to austria and alsace

HENRICUS ISAAC IN FLORENCE

1484 - 1492

JOSQUIN DES PREZ IN MILAN AND ROME

1484 - 1495

columbus encounters new world

1492

reign of Maximillian I as holy roman emperor

1493 - 1519

French invade Italy, beginning the italian wars

1494

ISAAC APPOINTED COURT COMPOSER FOR MAXIMILLIAN I

1496

PETRUCCI PUBLISHES JOSQUIN MASSES

1502

JOSQUIN AT FERRARA

1503 - 1504

JACOB OBRECHT AT FERRARA

1504 - 1505

JOSQUIN AT CONDE-SUR-L'ESCAUT

1504 - 1521

Charles V becomes HRE

1519

JOSQUIN "MILLE REGRETZ"

1520

Sacred Music in the Reformation

Reign of HRE Charles V

1519 - 1556

LUTHER AND JOHANN WALTER WRITE FIRST CHORALES

1523 - 1524

LUTHER'S "DEUDSCHE MESSE" PUBLISHED

1526

Society of jesuits founded

1534

Church of England separates from Rome

1534

FIRST FRENCH PSALTER PUBLISHED

1539

GEORG RHAU PUBLISHES "NEWE DEUDSCHE GIESTLICH GESANGE"

1544

book of common prayer published

1549

PALESTRINA IN ROME

1551 - 1594

Reign of Mary the first of England restores Catholicism

1553 - 1558

ORLANDE DE LASSUS IN SERVICE OF DUKE OF BAVARIA

1556 - 1594

GIOSEFFO ZARLINO "LE ISTITUTIONI ARMONICHE"

1558

Reign of Elizabeth I of England, restores Church of England

1558 - 1603

FIRST COMPLETE FRENCH PSALTER PUBLISHED

1562

PALESTRINA'S POPE MARCELLUS MASS PUBLISHED

1567

WILLIAM BYRD APPOINTED TO CHAPEL ROYAL

1572

LASSUS "CUM ESSEM PARVULUS"

1579

Madrigal and Secular Song in the 16th Century

PETRUCCI PUBLISHES 13 FROTOLLA COLLECTION

1504 - 1514

Reign of Francis the first of France

1515 - 1547

NICOLA VINCENZO "L'ANTICA MUSICA RIDOTTA ALLA MODERNA PRATTICA"

1555

CIPRIANO DE RORE, FIRST BOOK OF MADRIGALS

1566

JACQUES ARCADELT, FIRST BOOK OF MADRIGALS

1566

MADDALENA CASULANA, FIRST BOOK OF MADRIGALS

1568

EXPERIMENTS WITH MUSICA MESUREE

1570 - 1580

CONCERTO DELLE DONNE ESTABLISHED AT FERRARA

1580

JOHN DOWLAND, FIRST BOOK OF SONGS OR AYERS

1597

TRIUMPHS OF ORIANA

1601

CARLO GESUALDO'S LAST BOOK OF MADRIGALS

1611

The Rise of Instrumental Music

FIRST LUTE TABLATURE ISSUED BY PETRUCCI

1507

Protestant Reformation begins

1517

PIERRE ATTAIGNANT'S FIRST INSTRUMENTAL PUBLICATION, FOR LUTE

1529

TIELMAN SUSATO, DANSERYE

1551

GIOVANNI GABRIELLI AT ST. MARK'S CATHEDRAL

1585 - 1612

GABRIELLI COMPOSES "SYMPHONIAE SACRAE"

1597

Shakespeare writes "Hamlet"

1601

CLAUDIO MERULO WRITES "TOCCATAS, BOOK 2"

1604

CLAUDIO MONTEVERDI, FIFTH BOOK OF MADRIGALS WITH CRUDA AMARILLI

1605

First English settlement in North America in Jamestown, Virginia

1607

PARTHENIA, COLLECTION WORKS FOR VIRGINAL, PUBLISHED

1613

MICHAEL PRAETORIUS WRITES "SYNTAGMA MUSICUM"

1618

The Invention of Opera

MEETINGS OF GIOVANNI DE BARDI'S CAMERATA

1573 - 1587

VINCENZO GALLILEI WRITES "DIALOGUE OF ANCIENT AND MODERN MUSIC"

1581

INTERMEDI FOR THE PLAY "LA PELLEGRINA" IN FLORENCE

1589

henry IV issues the edict of nantes

1598

FIRST OPERA PERFORMED: JACOPO PERI'S "DAFNE"

1598

FIRST SURVIVING OPERA "L'ARTUSI" PERFORMED IN FLORENCE

1600

GIULIO CACCINI "LE NUOVE MUSICHE"

1602

CLAUDIO MONTEVERDI WRITES "L'ORFEO"

1607

FRANCESCO CACCINI WRITES "THE LIBERATION OF RUGGIERO"

1625

FIRST PUBLIC OPERA HOUSE OPENS IN VENICE

1637

english civil war

1642 - 1649

MONTEVERDI WRITES "THE CORONATION OF POPPEA"

1643

Music for Chamber and Church in the Early 17th Century

LODOVICO VIADANA WRITES "CENTO CONCERTI ECCLESIASTICI"

1602

King James translation of the bible

1611

GIROLAMO FRSCOBALDI WRITES HIS FIRST BOOK OF TOCATTAS

1615

Thirty years war

1618 - 1648

HEINRICH SCHUTZ WRITES "PSALMEN DAVIDS"

1619

Mayflower arrives in new england

1620

LUCREZIA VIZZANA WRITES "COMPONIMENTI MUSICALI"

1623

SAMUEL SCHEIDT WRITES "TABLATURA NOVA"

1624

BIAGAIO MARINI WRITES "SONATE, SYMPHONIE, OP. 8"

1629

FRESCOBALDI WRITES "FIORI MUSICALI"

1635

MONTEVERDI WRITES "MADRIGALI GUERRIERI ET AMAROSI"

1638

BARBRA STROZZI WRITES "DIPORTI DI EUTERPE"

1659

France, England, Spain, and The New World

reign of philip IV of spain

1621 - 1665

reign of Charles IV in England

1625 - 1649

TRIUMPH OF PEACE, MASQUE AT ENGLISH COURT

1634

Reign of Louis XIV in France

1643 - 1715

BALLET DE LA NUIT AT FRENCH COURT

1653

JUAN HIDALGO COMPOSES FIRST ZARZUELA

1657

Restoration of monarchy in England

1660

FIRST PUBLIC CONCERT SERIES BEGINS, IN LONDON

1672

JEAN BAPTISTE LULLY BEGINS PRODUCING OPERAS

1672

Versailles becomes Royal residence of Louis XIV

1682

JOHN BLOW WRITES "VENUS AND ADONIS"

1683

LULLY COMPOSES "ARMIDE"

1686

ELIZABETH-CLAUDE JACQUET DE LA GUERRE WRITES "PIECES DE LA CLAVECIN"

1687

Isaac Newton, Principia Mathematica

1687

Glorious Revolution in England

1688 - 1689

HENRY PURCELL WRITES "DIDO AND AENEAS"

1689

JACQUET DE LA GUERRE'S "CEPHALE ET PROCRIS" IS FIRST OPERA BY A FRENCH WOMAN

1694

THOMAS DE TORREJON Y VELASCO WRITES "LA PURPURA DE LA ROSA"

1701

FIRST OPERA IN THE NEW WORLD

Italy and Germany in the late 17th century

JOHANN KRUGER WRITES "PRAXIS PIATATIS MELIKA"

1647

First regular newspaper in Berlin

1655

ANTONIO CESTI WRITES "ORONTEA"

1656

leopold I reigns as HRE

1658 - 1705

DIETRICH BUXTEHUDE APPOINTED ORGANIST AT LUBEK

1668

BUXTEHUDE BEGINS "ABENDMUSIKEN"

1673

HAMBURG OPERA HOUSE OPENS

1678

ALESSANDRO SCARLATTI'S FIRST OPERA IN ROME

1679

ARCANGELO CORELLI WRITES "OP.1 TRIO SONATAS"

1681

First coffee House opens in Vienna

1683

Louis XIV invades the Holy Roman Empire

1688

CORELLI WRITES "OP.5 VIOLIN SONATAS"

1700

J.S. BACH HEARS BUXTEHUDE'S "ABENDMUSIKEN"

1705

ALESSANDRO SCARLATTI WRITES "LA GRISELDA"

1721

Italy, France and Early 18th-Century Europe

Prussia becomes kingdom under Frederick I

1701

ANTONIO VIVALDI APPOINTED TO THE PIETA

1703

England and Scotland officially unite as Great Britain

1707

VIVALDI WRITES "LA ESTRO ARMONICO"

1711

Charles VI crowned HRE

1711

Reign of Louis XV

1715 - 1774

JEAN PHILLIPE RAMEAU WRITES "TREATISE ON HARMONY"

1722

FRANÇOIS COUPERIN WRITES "APOTHEOSIS OF CORELLI"

1724

VIVALDI WRITES "THE FOUR SEASONS"

1725

CONCERT SPIRITUEL CONCERT SERIES BEGINS IN PARIS

1725

Reign of George II of England

1727 - 1760

JS BACH WRITES "ST. MATTHEW PASSION"

1727

RAMEAU WRITES "HIPPOLYTE ET ARICIE"

1733

Frederick the great crowned King of Prussia

1740

GEORGE FREDERIC HANDEL WRITES "MESSIAH"

1742

Francis Stephen of Lorraine elected HRE

1745

RAMEAU WRITES "ZOROASTRE"

1749

German Composers in the Late Baroque

JS BACH STUDIES IN LUNEBURG

1700

GEORGE FREDERICK HANDEL MOVES TO HAMBURG

1703

JS BACH BECOMES COURT ORGANIST FOR DUKE OF WIEMAR

1708

HANDEL'S "RINALDO" PREMIERED IN LONDON

1711

BACH APPOINTED KAPELLMEISTER IN COTHEN

1717

BACH WRITES "THE WELL TEMPERED CLAVIER" BOOK ONE

1722

BACH BECOMES CIVIC MUSIC DIRECTOR IN LEIPZIG

1723

HANDEL WRITES "GIULIO CESARE"

1724

FUX WRITES "GRADUS AND PARNASSUM"

1725

JOHN GAY WRITES "THE BEGGARS OPERA"

1728

GEORG PHILLIP TELEMANN WRITES HIS FIRST 6 PARIS QUARTETS

1730

BACH WRITES "MUSICAL OFFERING"

1747

Musical Taste and Style in the Enlightenment

reign of Frederick the great of Prussia

1740 - 1786

Maria Theresa Crowned holy Roman Empress

1740

Francis Stephen of Lorraine elected HRE

1745

BACH-ABLE CONCERTS IN LONDON

1765 - 1781

Joseph II becomes HRE and co-ruler with Maria Teresa

1765

Reign of Louis XVI in France

1774 - 1792

American Revolution

1775 - 1783

JOHN HAWKINS WRITES, "A GENERAL HISTORY OF THE SCIENCE AND PRACTICE OF MUSIC"

1776

CHARLES BURNEY WRITES "A GENERAL HISTORY OF MUSIC"

1776 - 1789

CARL PHILIP EMANUEL BACH WRITES "CLAVIER SONATAS FOR CONNOISSEURS AND AMATEURS"

1779

HEINRICH CHRISTOPH KOCH WRITES "INTRODUCTORY ESSAY ON COMPOSITION"

1782 - 1793

French Revolution

1789 - 1794

Opera and Vocal Music in the Early Classic Period

JOHANN ADOLF HASSE WRITES "CLEOFIDE"

1731

GIOVANNI BATISTA PERGOLESI WRITES "LA SERVA PADRONA"

1733

JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH WRITES "THE ART OF FUGUE"

1749

Dennis Diderot and collaborators publish the "encyclopedie"

1751 - 1772

JOHN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU WRITES "LE DEVIN DU VILLAGE"

1752

PERGOLESI'S "LA SERVA PADRONA" IN PARIS

1752

CHRISTOPH WILLIBALD GLUCK WRITES "ORFEO ED EURIDICE"

1762

LA SCALA OPERA HOUSE OPENS IN MILAN

1778

WILLIAM BILLINGS WRITES "THE CONTINENTAL HARMONY"

1794

Instrumental Music at Midcentury

BARTOLOMEO CRISTOFORI INVENTS THE PIANO FORTE

1700

CLARINET INVENTED

1710

FIRST SYMPHONIES COMPOSED

1730

DOMENICO SCARLATTI WRITES "ESSERCIZI"

1738

CPE BACH WRITES "ESSAY ON THE TRUE ART OF PLAYING KEYBOARD INSTRUMENTS"

1753 - 1762

JOHANN CHRISTIAN BACH WRITES "PIANO CONCERTO'S OP. 7"

1770

VOGUE FOR SYMPHONIE CONCERTANTE BEGINS IN PARIS

1770

American colonies declare independence from Britain

1776

Classic music in the late 18th century