Eisenhower believed that Guatemala had Communist sympathies because it had given more than 200,000 acres of American-owned land to peasants.
The Soviets were fearful that West Germany was allowed to join NATO and thus, formed its own military alliance.
Soviet Union attacked Hungary for clashing against Communism and wanting to leave the Warsaw Pact.
The U.S. would defend the Middle East against attack by any Communist country.
Soviets used an ICBM to push the first unmanned artificial satellite (Sputnik) above the friction of the earth's atmosphere.
The CIA began making secret high-altitude flights over Soviet territory which weakened Eisenhower as a peacemaker.
CIA trained hundreds of Cuban exiles secretly for an invasion of Cuba to trigger and uprising and fall of Castro.
East Germans were fleeing to West Germany because East Germany had a failed Communist government and economy. Soviets built Berlin Wall to regulate East German Refugees.
U-2 planes discovered Soviets were secretly building missile bases in Cuba.