Was the first efforts of the colonies to unite under a common cause, which helped organize colonial resistance to the acts of Parliament.
Battle of Lexington and Concord
April 19, 1775
Official beginning of the American Revolution, “The Shot Heard ‘Round The World”.
Battle of Fort Ticonderoga
May 10, 1775
Was a surprise capture by the Americans. Was small, but was the first American victory of the Revolutionary War, and gave the Continental Army much-needed resources to be used in future battles.
Meeting of the 2nd Continental Congress
May 10, 1775
Mainly managed the Colonial war effort (established the Continental Army) and moved towards independence (by creating the Declaration of Independence).
Battle of Bunker Hill
June 17, 1775
In this battle, the patriots were pushed out, leaving the key city in control of the British. Though the patriots lost, they caused a significant # of casualties for the British, giving them an important confidence boost.
Publication of "Common Sense"
January 10, 1776
"Common Sense" was a pamphlet written to rally the colonists to support separating from England and fight for their independence. This was effective because it was straight forward and written in a way colonists could understand.
Signing of the Declaration of Independence
July 4, 1776
This led to American Independence from Britain. It stated certain ideals that the colonists believed were important to have, and it justified our right to revolt against a government that no longer guaranteed us our natural rights.
Battle of Brooklyn
August 27, 1776 - August 30, 1776
First major battle to take place after the U.S declared its independence. The patriots were pushed out of another key city in the war (NYC).
Battle of Trenton
December 26, 1776
The Hessian army was crushed in Washington's raid across the Delaware River and the Americans were encouraged by the easy defeat of the British Hessian forces.
Battle of Saratoga
September 19, 1777 - October 17, 1777
Most important turning point of the war, moment when France got involved and supplied resources, soldiers, etc.
Creation of the Articles of Confederation
November 15, 1777
It was the first constitution of the United States, and was a backbone for today’s Constitution.
Winter at Valley Forge
December 19, 1777 - February, 1778
Was the Continental Army’s “great trial”, as they suffered from starvation, disease, malnutrition, and exposure, which killed more than 2,500 American soldiers.
Fall of the Iroquois Confederacy
Dissolved because the members could not agree on which side to support in the war (the colonists or the British). The Natives had nothing truly uniting them for a long time.
Treason of Benedict Arnold
September 24, 1780
Benedict Arnold became one of the most infamous traitors of the U.S, after he switched sides and fought for the British. His name quickly became a byword for treason or betrayal because he betrayed his countrymen by leading the British army in battle against the men whom he once commanded.
Battle at King’s Mountain
October 7, 1780
Was the first major patriot victory to occur after the British invasion of Charleston, SC, and completely destroyed the left wing of Cornwallis' army.
Battle of Cowpens
January 17, 1781
Caused Cornwallis to pull troops from South Carolina and move them farther north, leading to Yorktown and eventually the end of the Revolutionary war.
Battle at Guilford Courthouse
March 15, 1781
Was very important to the American victory in the war because of the huge loss of British troops.
Battle of Yorktown
September 28, 1781 - October 19, 1781
Cornwallis surrendered to George Washington as French and American forces trapped the British at Yorktown.
Signing of the Treaty of Paris of 1783
September 3, 1783
The moment that ended the American revolution and when Great Britain officially recognized America as their own independent country.
Start of the Northwest Indian Wars
This war between the U.S and a confederation of numerous Native American tribes was for control of the Northwest Territory. It resulted in new reforms that strengthened the federal government's power.
August, 1786 - February, 1787
Seen as one of the major factors that led to the writing of the new Constitution. It was a short-lived uprising, but it highlighted all of the issues with the government (under the Articles of Confederation), and caused Americans realized that the importance of a strong, central government.