American Revolution

Events

Meeting of the 1st Continental Congress

September 5, 1774 - October 26, 1774

Was the first efforts of the colonies to unite under a common cause, which helped organize colonial resistance to the acts of Parliament.

Battle of Lexington and Concord

April 19, 1775

Official beginning of the American Revolution, “The Shot Heard ‘Round The World”.

Meeting of the 2nd Continental Congress

May 10, 1775

Mainly managed the Colonial war effort (established the Continental Army) and moved towards independence (by creating the Declaration of Independence).

Battle of Fort Ticonderoga

May 10, 1775

Was a surprise capture by the Americans. Was small, but was the first American victory of the Revolutionary War, and gave the Continental Army much-needed resources to be used in future battles.

Battle of Bunker Hill

June 17, 1775

In this battle, the patriots were pushed out, leaving the key city in control of the British. Though the patriots lost, they caused a significant # of casualties for the British, giving them an important confidence boost.

Publication of "Common Sense"

January 10, 1776

"Common Sense" was a pamphlet written to rally the colonists to support separating from England and fight for their independence. This was effective because it was straight forward and written in a way colonists could understand.

Signing of the Declaration of Independence

July 4, 1776

This led to American Independence from Britain. It stated certain ideals that the colonists believed were important to have, and it justified our right to revolt against a government that no longer guaranteed us our natural rights.

Battle of Brooklyn

August 27, 1776 - August 30, 1776

First major battle to take place after the U.S declared its independence. The patriots were pushed out of another key city in the war (NYC).

Battle of Trenton

December 26, 1776

The Hessian army was crushed in Washington's raid across the Delaware River and the Americans were encouraged by the easy defeat of the British Hessian forces.

Battle of Saratoga

September 19, 1777 - October 17, 1777

Most important turning point of the war, moment when France got involved and supplied resources, soldiers, etc.

Creation of the Articles of Confederation

November 15, 1777

It was the first constitution of the United States, and was a backbone for today’s Constitution.

Winter at Valley Forge

December 19, 1777 - February, 1778

Was the Continental Army’s “great trial”, as they suffered from starvation, disease, malnutrition, and exposure, which killed more than 2,500 American soldiers.

Fall of the Iroquois Confederacy

1779

Dissolved because the members could not agree on which side to support in the war (the colonists or the British). The Natives had nothing truly uniting them for a long time.

Treason of Benedict Arnold

September 24, 1780

Benedict Arnold became one of the most infamous traitors of the U.S, after he switched sides and fought for the British. His name quickly became a byword for treason or betrayal because he betrayed his countrymen by leading the British army in battle against the men whom he once commanded.

Battle at King’s Mountain

October 7, 1780

Was the first major patriot victory to occur after the British invasion of Charleston, SC, and completely destroyed the left wing of Cornwallis' army.

Battle of Cowpens

January 17, 1781

Caused Cornwallis to pull troops from South Carolina and move them farther north, leading to Yorktown and eventually the end of the Revolutionary war.

Battle at Guilford Courthouse

March 15, 1781

Was very important to the American victory in the war because of the huge loss of British troops.

Battle of Yorktown

September 28, 1781 - October 19, 1781

Cornwallis surrendered to George Washington as French and American forces trapped the British at Yorktown.

Signing of the Treaty of Paris of 1783

September 3, 1783

The moment that ended the American revolution and when Great Britain officially recognized America as their own independent country.

Start of the Northwest Indian Wars

1785

This war between the U.S and a confederation of numerous Native American tribes was for control of the Northwest Territory. It resulted in new reforms that strengthened the federal government's power.

Shays Rebellion

August, 1786 - February, 1787

Seen as one of the major factors that led to the writing of the new Constitution. It was a short-lived uprising, but it highlighted all of the issues with the government (under the Articles of Confederation), and caused Americans realized that the importance of a strong, central government.