On this day, a ceremony known as the Bois Caïman ceremony took place. This ceremony is where the slaves made their final decisions and finalize their plan of attack. They also conduct a series of Voodoo rituals in order to prepare.
This event was lead by rebelling slaves, and gains them a great advantage in the rebellion. It allows them to gain land, stabilize their position, and leads to new military strategies.
Tension between whites and people of color in the colonies rise after citizenship is granted to mulattoes and free blacks. This event was caused by a series of uprisings, including the burning of over 100 plantations.
King Louis XVI of France declares that all free men should have equal political rights, no matter their race.
Among the many rebel leaders to join the rebellion is Toussaint Louverture, who is at this point a prominent rebel leader. At this time, France also declares war on England and Holland, stretching itself even thinner.
Because France was at war with Spain, Britain, and the slaves, they decide to free the slaves and lessen their list of enemies.
The National Assembly in France is dissolved, and the Directory is established. Five new civil commissioners are sent to Saint-Domingue in order to make sure the colony was adhering to French law, as well as to restore economic prosperity.
Louverture uses his rapidly growing political power to push Sonthonax (who already wanted to leave) forcefully out the colony and back to France. Those remaining in political power defer their decisions and opinions to Louverture.
General Christophe sets fire to Le Cap in preparation for the arrival of European troops.
After nearly 13 years of revolutions, Haiti finally received its independence on January 1, 1804. With this, the first black republic is formed, but it is quickly shunned from the outside world of trade.