Thousands of miners travel to California (and West) after the discovery of gold, starting at Sutter’s Mill. This helped California gain statehood in 1849.
Sought to counter the new power of corporate middle-men with cooperation and mutual aid. With Grangers, labor advocates and workingmen’s parties rallying together, the Greenback-Labor Party was formed. They advocated for producerism and dismissed bankers, middle-men, lawyers and idlers (anyone who they thought was “taking” the money away from laborers).
A group that would become the most important union of the Gilded Age, beginning as a secret society of garment workers in Philadelphia that became a national movement by 1877. Terence vs. Powderly.
Created by John Wanamaker, introducing the rise of decorated storefronts, advertisements and billboards
A strike in West Virginia in response to the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad (B&O) cutting wages of workers for the third time in a year. Striking workers would not allow any of the trains, mainly freight trains, to roll until this third wage cut was revoked.
Chinese laborers were not allowed to enter the U.S.
Violent protest by anarchists who advocated for a stateless society. It resulted in 4 anarchists executed, 1 committed suicide and the rest sent to prison. This led to more violent protests and strikes, and the creation of blacklists and “yellow-dog” contracts.
By 1900, the 100 largest companies controlled 1/2 of the nations productive capacity (of oil).
By 1900, 1/3 of women in the work force were domestic workers, 1/3 were in the office/teacher/nurse/sales, 1/3 = industry
By 1900, 1/5 of kids under 16 years old worked.
By 1900, 75% of kids in NYC and San Fransisco had at least 1 immigrant parent.
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