Tayiah Guinn's World History Timeline Review

Main

Early Humans and Neolithic Revolution

Humans first domesticated animals

10000 BCE - 9999 BCE

Neolithic Revolution begins; Humans first invent agriculture

8000 BCE - 7999 BCE

It was important because it's when early humans could now control their own food supply and could live in permanent locations. It impacted world history because they figured out how to domesticate animals(control for use in a house or farm) and didn't have to waste time everyday to hunt.

Wheel Invented

5000 BCE - 4999 BCE

First Civilizations

Civilization develops in Ancient Mesopotamia between Tigeress and Euphrates

4000 BCE - 3999 BCE

Mummification begins in Egypt

3600 BCE - 3599 BCE

It is important because they preserve the body for the afterlife. They believe that you needed your body and belongings to journey to the world of afterlife.

Invention of the first writing system (Cuneiform- pictogram language)

3000 BCE - 2999 BCE

Egyptian government ruled by Pharoah

2700 BCE - 2699 BCE

Fist set of written laws (Code of Hammurabi)

1792 BCE - 1791 BCE

World Reglions

Abraham founds Judaism

1800 BCE - 1799 BCE

Hinduism founded in India (Bhagavad Gite written)

1700 BCE - 1699 BCE

Temple Mount built (modern site of the Wailing Wall

957 BCE - 956 BCE

Sidhartha Guatama founds Buddhism

563 BCE - 562 BCE

Jesus born

4 BCE - 3 BCE

This is important because he died on the cross for the people to save their sins. He impacted the world so that when people sin they don't automatically die for their sin.

Jesus crucified on the cross

30 CE - 31 CE

This is important because he died for our sins and rose on the third day. That one day he may come again and nobody knows when.

Establishment of Christianity

40 CE - 41 CE

Muhammad (founder of Islam) born in Mecca

570 CE - 571 CE

Muhammad dies in Jerusalem at the Dome of the Rock site

632 CE - 633 CE

Greece/Rome

Civilization develops in Ancient Greece

1600 BCE - 1599 BCE

Homer wrote Iliad and the Odyssey

890 BCE - 889 BCE

City states of Athens and Sparta develop

800 BCE - 799 BCE

Ancient Rome founded by Romulus and Remus

753 BCE - 752 BCE

Rome develops Republic system of government with checks and balances

509 BCE - 508 BCE

Democracy invented in Athens

508 BCE - 507 BCE

It is important because their government system is where people have a say in government through voting. It impacts the world because the U.S government has that today.

Socrates born; invents Socratic Method

469 BCE - 468 BCE

This is important because Socrates was placed on trail and sentenced to death for corrupting (making them think the wrong ideas) the youth of the Athens with his comments on the government and the existence of Gods.

Trial of Socrates; Socrates dies

399 BCE - 398 BCE

Augustus is first Emperor of the Roman Empire; Pax Romana

44 BCE - 43 BCE

Julius Caesar is murdered- Roman Republic ends

44 BCE - 43 BCE

Roman Empire at its largest

117 CE - 118 CE

Aristotle born; studies with Plato

384 CE - 385 CE

Fall of the Roman Empire

410 CE - 411 CE

Europe in the Middle Ages

Arabs take control of Jerusalem

638 CE - 639 CE

Feudal system develops in Europe

850 CE - 851 CE

First Crusade

1099 CE - 1100 CE

Magna Carta limits the power of British monarch

1215 CE - 1216 CE

The Magna Carta put in place three major changes to the British government: 1. Nobles and free citizens were now guaranteed certain rights. 2. The king (or queen) had to obey the laws. 3. If the Monarch broke the law the Barons were allowed to use force if necessary to return things to order.

First Bubonic Plaque outbreak

1347 CE - 1348 CE

The Bubonic plague was an epidemic (quickly spreading disease) that struck Europe in the 1300s. The Bubonic plague caused the end of Feudulism as now there was a shortage of workers so the peasants could demand higher pay and better conditions.

Empires of Ghana and Mali

Complex societies exist in Ghana

1500 BCE - 1499 BCE

King of Ghana in Northwest Africa

830 CE - 1235 CE

Berber Empire takes over Ghana by military force

1235 CE - 1236 CE

The Berber took them over because there was the fertile valley made by the Niger and Senegal river and the Sahara desert was rich in salt and the savanna of western Africa was rich in gold.

Mansa Musa rules Kingdom of Mali

1280 CE - 1337 CE

Mansa Musa takes Hajj to Mecca

1324 CE - 1325 CE

It is important because he formed economic and diplomatic relationships with various Muslim states. He brought back scholars, architects, teachers, and built Islamic University in the great city of Timbuktu.

Printing Press invented by Guttenberg. Renaissance begins

1439 CE - 1440 CE

Kingdom of Mali becomes weakened

1599 CE - 1600 CE

Renaissance

Dante writes Divine Comedy in Italy

1310 CE - 1311 CE

Donatello sculpts David

1430 CE - 1440 CE

Drawing technique of perspective invented

1470 CE - 1471 CE

It was important because they had pictures that looked real instead of pictures that wouldn't look real. It impacted the world because now all the pictures that people paint are realistic.

Leonardo DaVinci dissects cadavers to gain better understanding of human body

1489 CE - 1519 CE

Michelangelo sculpts La Pieta

1501 CE - 1502 CE

Leonardo Davinci paints Mona Lisa

1503 CE - 1504 CE

Raphael paints School of Athens

1510 CE - 1511 CE

Shakespeare born; writes the play Macbeth in England

1564 CE - 1565 CE

Shakespeare is considered to be the greatest writer in the English language who has ever lived. It is significant because: He manipulated language in a unique way.

Galileo provides evidence for heliocentricity and is put on trail by the Church

1610 CE - 1611 CE

William Harvey discovers the heart pumps blood around the body

1628 CE - 1629 CE

Isaac Newton discovers gravity

1687 CE - 1688 CE

Reformation

Martin Luther nails 95 Theses to door of Church; Protestant Reformation begins

1517 CE - 1518 CE

It was a list of 95 grievances that Martin Luther had with the Catholic Church. Martin Luther believed that the Catholic Church was corrupt and not representing the true values of Christianity. Martin Luther was upset at the sale of indulgences-items that could be brought in order to gain forgiveness and access into heaven (salvation).

King Henry VIII is excommunicated and founds the Anglican Church in England

1536 CE - 1537 CE

John Calvin founds Calvinist Church based on idea of Predestination

1536 CE - 1537 CE

Catholic Church holds Council of Trent and Counterreformation begins

1545 CE - 1563 CE

Age of Exploration

Constantinople falls to Ottoman Empire and route to China from Europe is blocked

1453 CE - 1454 CE

Age of Exploration begins in search of a sea route to China

1453 CE - 1454 CE

Christopher Columbus travels to the Americas instead

1492 CE - 1493 CE

Their motivation to travel across the seas "Glory, Gold, and God." Viewed Aztecs as savages and decimated/destroyed their population with small pox and warfare.

Columbus returns in search of 3 Ga; Systems of ecomienda begins

1493 CE - 1494 CE

Indigenous people in the Americas killed with smallpox blankets

1507 CE - 1508 CE

Triangle Trade

Atlantic slave trade (Triangle Trade) begins

1600 CE - 1601 CE

Each region had a good that the other part of the world needed/wanted. Americas traded cotton, tabacco, sugar to Europe. Europe traded textiles(cloth), rum, other manufactured goods to Africa. Africa sold slaves to the Americas. Slavery was a major part of the Triangle Trade.

Enlightenment

Age of Enlightenment

1650 CE - 1804 CE

Enlightenment is a time in history when people decided that governments should be based on logic(reason). Men known as philisophes began to start thinking about changes that needed to happen in government.

French and American Revolution

Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson

1776 CE - 1777 CE

It is important because it is what we the people are able to have. It impacted the world because it was something the president signed in order to have these rights.

US Constitution written

1787 CE - 1788 CE

The Founding Fathers institution a Constitutional Republic. This is a representative(vote) government based on a document that limits government power. It was based on the principles outlined by the enlightenment thinkers.

Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

1789 CE - 1790 CE

"Men are born and remain free and equal in rights," and that these rights include "liberty, property, and security, and resistance to oppression."

Bill of Rights added to the US Constitution

1789 CE - 1790 CE

Bill of Rights were the first 10 amendments(changes) to the constitution that protected more securely natural rights. 1st Amendment- Freedom of religion and Freedom of Speech(Voltaire)

Napoleon comes to power and restores peace; writes Napoleonic Code

1804 CE - 1805 CE

Napoleon is appointed leader of the french army. He was able to take charge and put back in place order. Napoleon Code gets rid of many injustices, but also limits freedom of speech and the press.

Industrial Revolution

Industrial Revolution begins

1750 CE - 1751 CE

It is important because it is the movement in which machines changed people's way of life as their methods of manufacture(making things). It impacted the world because people began to use machines to make cloth and steam engines to run the machines.

Nixon Watergate scandal breaks out

1972 CE - 1973 CE

Nixon had his men place recording devices in the offices so he could listen to how his opponent was planning to run against him in the presidential election. When the American public found out Nixon was forced to resign from the office of the president otherwise he would have been formally impeached.

Modern Connections

Hutu Power begins genocide of the Tutsis

1994 CE - 1995 CE

Genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction, in whole or part, of an ethnic, racial, religious or national group. The Hutu wanted to get the Tutsis because they were said to be superior then the hutu