Kiana Mays' World History Timeline Review

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Early Humans and Neolithic Revolution

Humans first domesticate animals

10000 BCE - 9999 BCE

During the Neolithic Revolution, early humans also discovered that they could domesticate animals to train them for human purposes.

Neolithic Revolution begins; Humans first invent agriculture

8000 BCE - 7999 BCE

Neolithic Revolution was the beginning of humans living in organized settlements as they went from living a nomadic life of hunter-gathers to a living in permanent locations with the discovery of agriculture.

Wheel is invented

5000 BCE - 4999 BCE

First Civilizations

Civilization develops in Ancient Mesopotamia between Tigris and Euphrates

4000 BCE - 3999 BCE

Ancient Mesopotamia was located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers which provided freshwater to survive and the annual flooding deposited fertile soil to be used for agriculture.

Mummification begins in Egypt

3600 BCE - 3599 BCE

Ancient Egyptians mummified dead to preserve the body for the afterlife. They also believed that you needed your body and belonging to journey to the world of the afterlife.

Invention of first writing system

3000 BCE - 2999 BCE

Ancient Mesopotamia invented first written from of language known as cuneiform. Cuneiform is a pictogram language where each word is represented by a picture.

Egyptian government ruled by Pharoah

2700 BCE - 2699 BCE

The pharaoh was the ruler of Ancient Egypt and was also believed to be a God. The pharaoh held absolute power, owning, and ruling all the land in Egypt.

First set of written laws

1792 BCE - 1791 BCE

Ancient Mesopotamia here first civilization to have a written system of laws known as the Code of Hammurabi.

World Religions

Abraham found Judaism

1800 BCE - 1799 BCE

Jews are known as "The Chosen People" as God was said to have made a convenant with Abraham. Abraham agreed to worship God as the one true God and return. God was going to make him "the father of many nations" and give him a promised land.

Hinduism founded in India

1700 BCE - 1699 BCE

Hinduism is a polytheistic religion that originated in South Eastern Asia. The holy text of Hinduism is the Vedas. Hinduism believes that al Gods are different in carnations.

Temple Mount built

957 BCE - 956 BCE

G_d was believed to have chose to have left his divine presence on the Temple Mount where the first Jewish temple was built.

Sidhartha Guatama founds Buddhism

563 BCE - 562 BCE

Sidhartha Guatama discovering the truth about life achieved by meditating and following the teachings of Buddha.

Jesus born

4 BCE - 3 BCE

Jesus was carried by the Virgin Mary called the immaculate conception.

Jesus crucified on the cross

30 CE - 31 CE

Jesus was crucified on the cross in order to be saved for our sins.

Establishment of Christianity

40 CE - 41 CE

Christians believe that Jesus is the son of God and was carried through immaculate conception by the Virgin Mary.

Muhammad born in Mecca

570 CE - 571 CE

Muslim Holy site is Mecca. Muslims believed to` be the birthplace of Muhammad and where the Qu'ran was written.

Muhammad dies in Jerusalem at the Dome of the Rock site

632 CE - 633 CE

The Dome of Rock built on Temple Mount . A mosque built around the holy stone where it was believed Muhammad ascended into heaven for the night.

Greece/Rome

Civilization develops in Ancient Greece

1600 BCE - 1599 BCE

Ancient Greece is located in present day Europe due to the mountainous terrain. The civilization developed as a series of independent city states known as polis.

Homer write Iliad and the Odyssey

890 BCE - 889 BCE

An epic poem by Homer about the journey of Odysseus back to Ithaca after the Trojan War. The Odyssey is an excellent source of information about Greek culture and their beliefs.

City states of Athens and Sparta develop

800 BCE - 799 BCE

The two most famous city states are Athens and Sparta. Each city state was independent and had its own government, but where all part of Greece and worshipped the same Gods.

Ancient Rome founded by Romulus and Remus

753 BCE - 752 BCE

According to the myth Rome was found by Romulus and Remus who were raised by a wolf after they were left out to die. Romulus killed Remus and named the city after himself.

Rome develops Republic system of government with checks and balances

509 BCE - 508 BCE

The checks on power is each president can serve a maximum of 2 four year terms.

Democracy invented in Athens

508 BCE - 507 BCE

Athens had a democracy. A democracy is a government system where people have a say in the government through voting. Direct democracy is all 6000 men would all meet and vote on the government decision.

Socrates born; invents Socratic Method

469 BCE - 468 BCE

The Socratic Method is making people learn through questioning

Trial of Socrates; Socrates dies

399 BCE - 398 BCE

Socrates placed on trial and sentenced to death for corrupting the youth of Athens with his comments on the government and the existence of Gods

Julius Caesar is murdered- Roman Republic end

44 BCE - 43 BCE

Julius Casear was a consul who acted like an absolute ruler. The senate was not happy with Julius Casear as they were loosing power in the government and were afraid that he would completely undo the system of the republic. The death of Julis Casear marked the end of the Roman Republic.

Augustus is first Emperor of the Roman Empire; Pax Romana

44 BCE - 43 BCE

Augustus was the first Emperor. Pax Romana was 200 years of "roman peace" where the Roman Empire was very successful.

Roman Empire at its largest

117 CE - 118 CE

Rome took over the territory and controlled the region in the Empire with an extremely powerful military. Rome wanted to have an empire to have access to more land, resources, and people to trade with.

Aristotle born; studies with Plato

384 CE - 385 CE

Aristotle believed that the best system of government was a virtuous leader. Plato and Aristotle both believed that the best system of government would be controlled by a philosopher-king.

Fall of the Roman Empire

410 CE - 411 CE

The empire fell because of invasions, corruptions, too large to control, and social issues with people being against the empire.

Europe in the Middle Ages

Arabs take control of Jerusalem

638 CE - 639 CE

Feudal system develops in Europe

850 CE - 851 CE

Feudalism was the social and economic system of Europe during the Middle Ages. Feudalism was the way in which the social hierarchy was organized.

First Crusade

1099 CE - 1100 CE

Magna Carta limits the power of British monarch

1215 CE - 1216 CE

The Magna Carta was the first document in history to limit the power of a monarch. The Magna Carta made the following three changes. Monarchs had to follow laws, nobles were guaranteed certain rights, and barons could use force if kings chose not to follow laws

First Bubonic Plague outbreak

1347 CE - 1348 CE

Bubonic plague was an epidemic disease that struck Europe in the 1300s. The Bubonic Plague was spread by fleas on rats. The Bubonic Plague caused the end of the feudal system

Empires of Ghana and Mali

Complex societies exist in Ghana

1500 BCE - 1499 BCE

Ghana is made up of many different tribes. A tribe is a group of people who share a common history and culture and live together.

Kingdom of Ghana in Northwest Africa

830 CE - 1235 CE

Fertile valley made by the Niger and Senegal River. The Sahara Desert rich in salt and the savanna of Western Africa rich in gold.

Berber Empire takes over Ghana by military force

1235 CE - 1236 CE

The Berber Empire to the north, trading partners of Ghana, eventually took over by military force.

Mansa Musa rules Kingdom of Mali

1324 CE - 1325 CE

The greatest ruler was Mansa Musa who ruled from 1312 to 1337. He converted to Islam and based his system of justice on the Qu'ran, but promoted religious freedom/tolerance.

Kingdom of Mali becomes weakened

1599 CE - 1600 CE

In the 1400s, disputes over succession weakened Mali. An even larger empir, the kingdom of Songhai, formed right after.

Renaissance

Dante writes Divine Comedy in Italy

1310 CE - 1311 CE

Divine Comedy is a poem that told the story of Dante's Journey through heaven, purgatory, and hell. It is significant because it was the first significant work published in Italian vernacular.

Donatello sculpts David

1430 CE - 1440 CE

Printing Press invented by Guttenberg. Renaissance begins

1439 CE - 1440 CE

Johannes Guttenberg invented the printing press in 1453. Books became more available, cheaper, spread the knowledge became easier, and slowly more people became literate.

Drawing technique of perspective invented

1470 CE - 1471 CE

Leonardo Da Vinci dissects cadavers to gain better understanding of human body

1489 CE - 1490 CE

Michelangelo sculpts La Pieta

1501 CE - 1502 CE

Leonardo Da Vinci paints Mona Lisa

1503 CE - 1504 CE

Raphael paints School of Athens

1510 CE - 1511 CE

Shakespeare born; writes the play of Macbeth in England

1564 CE - 1565 CE

Macbeth is a play by Shakespeare. Shakespeare is considered to be the greatest writer in the English language who has ever lived. It is significant because he manipulated language in an unique way.

Cervantes writes the first novel Don Quixote in Spain

1604 CE - 1605 CE

Don Quixote, by Cervantes, told the story of a somewhat crazy man in Renaissance, Spain, who believes he is a knight in the Middle Ages. It is significant because it was the first modern novel.

Galileo provides evidence for heliocentricity and is put on trial by the Church

1610 CE - 1611 CE

Galilei's view that the universe was heliocentric came into conflict with the Catholic Church's view that the universe was geocentric.

William Harvey discovers the heart pumps blood around the body

1628 CE - 1629 CE

Isaac Newton discovers gravity

1687 CE - 1688 CE

Isaac Newton is credited with the discovery of gravity, the force that keep things on earth.

Reformation

Martin Luther nails 95 Theses to the door of the Guttenberg Church

1517 CE - 1518 CE

Martin Luther believed that the Catholic Church was corrupt and not representing the true values of Christianity. Martin Luther was upset at the sale of indulgences items that could be bought in order to gain forgiveness and access into heaven.

Protestant Reformation begins

1517 CE - 1518 CE

Martin Luther actions started the Protestant Reformation which led to new denominations of Christianity emerged.

King Henry VIII is excommunicated and founds the Anglican Church in England

1531 CE - 1532 CE

King Henry was excommunicated from the Catholic Church when he got a divorce from his wife and Henry simply founded his own branch of the Protestant Church.

John Calvin founds Calvinist Church based on the idea of predestination

1536 CE - 1537 CE

Catholic Church holds council of Trent and Counter reformation begins

1545 CE - 1563 CE

The Catholic Church hed the Consil of Trent starting in 1545 to bring about changes in the Catholic Church. Decreed that the Church had the right to grant indulgences but were being abused so abolished them. maintained that the congregation should connect to God through the priests. Maintained that people are saved or damned based on their actions.

Age of Exploration

Invention of the Astrolabe makes sea travel easier

1050 CE - 1051 CE

The scientific revolution made sea travel easier with the invention of the astrolabe. It is a device where you can tell your location on the globe based off the stars.

Aztecs invent chocolate

1200 CE - 1201 CE

Aztecs were famous for being the first civilization to invent chocolate.

Aztec city of Tenochtitlan founded

1325 CE - 1326 CE

Constantinople falls to the Ottoman Empire

1453 CE - 1454 CE

Constantinople falls to Ottoman Empire. The land route to China becomes blocked.

Land route to China from Europe is blocked

1453 CE - 1454 CE

Constantinople falls to Ottoman Empire. The land route to China becomes blocked.

Age of Exploration begins in search of a sea route to China

1453 CE - 1454 CE

Europeans wanted to find a sea route to China to trade for spices and silk.

Christopher Columbus travels to the Americas

1492 CE - 1493 CE

Columbus suggested heading west out of Europe. On the way. he discovered the Americas. To Europeans it was a new world.

Columbus returns to Island of Espanola with 17 ships and 1000 soldiers

1493 CE - 1494 CE

Columbus returned to Espanola in 1493 with 17 ships carrying 1000 soldiers , crewman, and settlers in search of gold, glory, and God.

System of ecomienda begins

1493 CE - 1494 CE

Ecomienda is when Spanish colonists began system of forced labor and enslavement of indigenous.

Indigenous people in the Americas killed with smallpox blankets

1507 CE - 1508 CE

Spanish conquistadors viewed Aztecs as savages and decimated their population with small pox and warfare. Small pox was a disease that was not found in Mesoamerica and therefore was extremely deadly to the Aztecs population.

Spanish try to convert Aztecs and decimate the Aztec population

1519 CE - 1521 CE

Spanish conquistadors viewed Aztecs as savages and decimated their population with small pox and warfare. Small pox was a disease that was not found in Mesoamerica and therefore was extremely deadly to the Aztecs population.

Spanish leader Cortes and Aztec King Montezuma meet

1519 CE - 1521 CE

Aztecs domesticate maize (corn)

2500 CE - 2501 CE

Maize was a stable of their diet.

Triangle Trade

Atlantic slave trade (Triangle Trade) begins

1600 CE - 1601 CE

Slavery was a major part of Triangle trade. Europeans needed slaves to work on the sugar, cotton, and tobacco plantations. Their labor was intensive.

Atlantic slave trade ends

1807 CE - 1808 CE

13th Amendment passed-slavery outlawed in US

1865 CE - 1866 CE

Enlightenment

Age of Enligthenment

1650 CE - 1804 CE

Enlightenment is a time in history when people decided that governments should be based on logic. People began to change their views on what a good government should look like.

Thomas Hobbes writes Leviathon about how people need the government

1651 CE - 1652 CE

Thomas Hobbes thought naturally life was "solitary", meaning poor, nasty, brutish, and short.

John Locke published 2nd Treatise on Government

1689 CE - 1690 CE

John Locke thought people were naturally reasonable and tolerant. If the government is not serving the people and protecting their natural rights then the people have the right to overthrow it.

Montesquieu write Spirit of the Laws advocating separation of powers

1748 CE - 1749 CE

He wrote the Spirit of the Laws to criticize the French monarchy's concentration of power. He created separation of powers meaning power should not be held by only one person or group. Government should be divided into three powers.

Rosseau writes treatise on Social Contract

1762 CE - 1763 CE

He is famous for the idea of social contract theory with John Locke. The Social Contract Theory is when people decide to agree to a government, and its restrictions on natural rights.

Voltaire invents the idea of civil liberties

1763 CE - 1764 CE

Civil Liberties are certain rights and freedoms that the government should not be able to take away.

French and American Revolutions

British Parliament passes the Stamp Act

1765 CE - 1766 CE

British Parliament passed the Stamp Act requiring the 13 American colonies to buy stamps for newspaper, playing cards, and many other items.

British government passes Tea Act

1773 CE - 1774 CE

Louis XVI rules as absolute monarch of France

1774 CE - 1789 CE

War breaks out between British and the American colonists

1775 CE - 1776 CE

Americans disliked having a standing a British army in times of peace, could only trade with the British- who put in place the taxes, taxation without representation, and depriving them to trial by jury.

Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson

1776 CE - 1777 CE

After years of oppressive treatment the American Colonies officially seeded from the British Government with congressional approval of the "Declaration of Independence" written by Thomas Jefferson.

American Revolutionary Wat ends

1783 CE - 1784 CE

After the Revolutionary War, the British government acknowledged the United States a sovereign nation.

US Constitution written

1787 CE - 1788 CE

Founding Fathers instituted a Constitutional Republic. This is a representative government based on a document that limits government power. It was based on the principles outlined by Enlightenment thinkers.

French Revolution begins with meeting of the Estates General

1789 CE - 1790 CE

May 1789, the Third Estate was tired of its lack of representation and treatment in society. Public was upset by the lowering of wages and shortage of flour for bread causing it to be very expensive.

Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

1789 CE - 1790 CE

Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen says men are bron and remain free and equal in rights and that these rights include "liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression".

Storming of the Bastille

1789 CE - 1790 CE

August 1789, storming of the Bastille-attack of a royal castle. It was a strong message to send as it was a royal castle and had an armory that the revolutionaries could raid to get access to weapons.

Bill of Rights added to the US Constitution

1789 CE - 1790 CE

The Bill of Rights were the first 10 amendments to the Constitution that protected more securely natural rights.

English Burke and Paine disagree about the French Revolution

1790 CE - 1791 CE

King Loius XVI executed and France declares itself a Republic

1792 CE - 1793 CE

King Louis XVI executed and France declared itself a Republic.

Robespierre leads Reign of Terror

1793 CE - 1794 CE

People who disagreed with revolutionary ideas were executed on the guillotine.

Napoleon comes to power and restores peace; writes Napoleonic Code

1804 CE - 1805 CE

Napoleon sets up government- run public schools open to male students of all backgrounds. The Napoleonic Code gets rid of many injustices but also limits freedom of speech and the press.

Industrial Revolution

Seed Drill invented

1701 CE - 1702 CE

It made farming more efficient

Industrial Revolution begins

1750 CE - 1914 CE

People began to use machines to make cloth and steam engines to run the machines.

Enclosure Acts

1750 CE - 1860 CE

It combined small farms into bigger farms.

Industrial Revolution ends

1750 CE - 1914 CE

Factory system begins

1750 CE - 1751 CE

People make goods under one roof and are supplied with machines.

Steam engine invented by Watt

1763 CE - 1764 CE

Wheels turned by running water had been the chief source of power for the early factories. These were necessarily situated on swift-running streams. When the steam engine became efficient, it was possible to locate factories in more convenient places.

Factory Acts passed limiting work of women and children to 12 hours/day

1830 CE - 1831 CE

Woman ALSO had to take care of home/children. They passed the Factory Acts in 1830 saying women and children limited their work to 12 hours/day

Strong, flexible steel developed

1856 CE - 1857 CE

Energy advances in 1856 produces strong flexible steel. It made faster, cheaper production of goods.

Modern Connections

European Imperialism in Africa begins.

1880 CE - 1881 CE

During the late 1800s, European powers began the conquest to show their power by taking control over other parts of the world .

Scopes Trial - John Scopes convicted of by teaching evolution in public school

1925 CE - 1926 CE

John Scopes was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act which made it unlawful to teach evolution.

Rwanda gains independence from Belgium imperialist control

1932 CE - 1933 CE

The genocide in Rwanda ended when the RPF was able to regain control of Rwanda. Paul Kagame was elected president of Rwanda in 2000 with 95% of the voters.

Israel founded

1948 CE - 1949 CE

First Israel/Palestinian conflict

1948 CE - 1949 CE

UN genocide convention in the aftermath of the Holocaust

1948 CE - 1949 CE

In the aftermath of the Holocaust during World War II the international community had signed an agreement that if they saw a genocide happening again they would intervene.

President Eisenhower makes Sputnik speech warning the dangers of the military

1957 CE - 1958 CE

After the release of Sputnik President Eisenhower warned about the "military industrial complex". He refers to the money relationship between lawmakers, the defense industry: political contributions political approval for defense spending, lobbying and other beneficial legislation.

Soviet Union launches first satellite(Sputnik) into space

1957 CE - 1958 CE

Space Race begins

1957 CE - 1958 CE

Butler Act overturned

1967 CE - 1968 CE

The Butler Act was a Tennessee law prohibiting public teachers from denying the Biblical account of a man's origin by God.

US lands first man on the moon

1969 CE - 1970 CE

present: Globalization

1970 CE

Globalization is the coming together of the economies of countries all around the world. It means that events that occur in one country affect what happens in another country anywhere in the world.

Nixon Watergate scandal breaks out

1972 CE - 1973 CE

Nixon is forced to resign

1974 CE - 1975 CE

Romeo Dallaire goes to Rwanda to try to stop the genocide and is unsuccessful

1994 CE - 1995 CE

Head of the UN security forces who was on the ground when the genocide in Rwanda was occurring but didn't have the authority or supplies necessary to do anything about it.

Hutu power begins genocide in Rwanda ends

1994 CE - 1995 CE

In 1994 Hutu power began the genocide of the Tutsi population.

Paul Kagame rises to power and genocide in Rwanda ends

1994 CE - 1995 CE

The head of the RPF was Paul Kagame. Paul Kagame was elected president of Rwanda in 2000 with 95% of the voters.

President Clinton hosts CDPT between Israeli and Palestinian leaders

2000 CE - 2001 CE

Rover lands on Mars

2004 CE - 2005 CE