South America

Main

South America gains independence from the Spanish.

1806 - 1826

Brazil bans slave trade.

1850

Buenos Aires is accepted as the permanent capital city of Argentina

1880

War of the Pacific brings Chile mineral wealth while Peru and Bolivia suffer.

1884

Civil War breaks out in Chile

1891

This war is because of supporters of a liberal president and a hostile congress.

Brazil's first civilian President is elected.

1894

He was Presidents for the next 40 years.

The War of a Thousand Days begins in Colombia causing 100,000 deaths

1899

First underground railway in Latin America is built in Buenos Aires

1913

The election of Hipolito Irigoyen as President.

1916

The new president provides a new government.

A military coup removes Irigoyen from presidency.

1930

Chaco war breaks out between Paraguay and Bolivia for a swampy plain

1932

Truce ends Chaco War giving Paraguay most of the region.

1935

Conservative Colorados recover power in Paraguay and reimpose military power.

1940

9 year Civil War begins in Colombia causing 200,000 deaths.

1948

Venezuelan dictator escapes to U.S. with 200 million.

1958

Cuban revolutionary Che Guevara is captured and executed in Bolivia.

1967

Salvador Allende elected president of Chile

1970

77 year old elected president in Argentina

1973

Suriname wins independence from the Dutch.

1975

Andres Rodriguez restores democracy in Paraguay

1989

Former Peruvian president (Alberto Fujimori) arrives in Chile unexpectedly

2005