World History Timeline

Early Humans and Neolithic Revolution

Humans first domesticated animals

10000 BCE - 9999 BCE

Humans domesticated animals so that they could train the animals to have favored characteristics and also to help with labor.

Neolithic Revolution begins; Humans first event agriculture

8000 BCE - 7999 BCE

It helped humans settle down and start to have kids. Also, it helped because people could do different types of jobs.

Wheel Invented

5000 BCE - 4999 BCE

It helped because it helped with transportation.

First Civilizations

Civilization develops in Ancient Mesopotamia between Tigress and Euphrates

4000 BCE - 3999 BCE

This changed history because then this civilization grew because of the easy access to water and could trade and grow crops easily.

Mummification begins in Egypt

3600 BCE - 3599 BCE

This is important because it shows how advanced the Egyptians were and how much they wanted to preserve the bodies.

Invention of first writing system (Cuneiform-pictogram language)

3000 BCE - 2999 BCE

This changed history because people can now communicate through writing and a new language.

Egyptian government ruled by Pharoah

2700 BCE - 2699 BCE

This is important because it shows that they believed in their religion enough to combine it into their religion.

First set of written laws (Code of Hummurabi)

1792 BCE - 1791 BCE

This changed history because this is the rules that people had to follow in a civilization and it helps because it maintains order in a civilization.

World Religions

Abraham founded Judaism

1800 BCE - 1799 BCE

Abraham made a covenant with God and God promised Abraham the holy land.

Hunduism founded in India (Bhagavad Gita written)

1700 BCE - 1699 BCE

Temple Mount Built (modern site of the Wailing Wall)

957 BCE - 956 BCE

This holy site is important to Judaism and only one part if it remains.

Siddhartha Gautama finds Buddhism

563 BCE - 562 BCE

Siddhartha Gautama was originally a prince, but did not like the caste system. He found Enlightenment and became the first Buddha.

Jesus born

4 BCE - 3 BCE

Jesus crucified on the cross

30 CE - 31 CE

Establishment of Christianity

40 CE - 41 CE

Muhammed (founder of Islam) born in Mecca

570 CE - 571 CE

Muhammed dies in Jerusalem at the Dome of the Rock site

632 CE - 633 CE

Greece/ Rome

Civilization develops in Ancient Greece

1600 BCE - 1599 BCE

Ancient Greece is mountainous, so it divided the civilizations within Greece.

Homer writes Iliad and the Odyssey

890 BCE - 889 BCE

City states of Athens and Sparta develop

800 BCE - 799 BCE

Ancient Rome founded by Romulus and Remus

753 BCE - 752 BCE

Rome develops Republic System of government with checks and balances

509 BCE - 508 BCE

Democracy invented in Athens

508 BCE - 507 BCE

Socrates born; invents Socratic Method

469 BCE - 468 BCE

Trail of Socrates; Socrates dies

399 BCE - 398 BCE

Socrates was put on trail for questioning the belief of the Gods, corrupting the youth, and question the government of Athens.

Aristotle born; studies with Plato

384 BCE - 383 BCE

Julius Caesar is murdered - Roman Republic ends

44 BCE - 43 BCE

Julius Caesar was an absolute ruler, but he did good for the people, but the Senate thought he would become too powerful, so they killed him.

Augustus is first Emperor of the Roman Empire; Pax Romana

44 BCE - 43 BCE

Roman Empire at its largest

117 CE - 118 CE

Fall of the Roman Empire

410 CE - 411 CE

The Roman Empire fell because of invasions, corruptions, too large to control, and social issues.

Europe in the Middle Ages

Arabs take control of Jerusalem

638 - 639

Feudal System develops in Europe

850 CE - 851 CE

First Crusade

1099 - 1100

Magna Carta limits the power of British monarch

1215 - 1216

This changed history because it made the government system fair.

First Bubonic Plague outbreak

1347 - 1348

This changed history because this disease caused many deaths and it caused the fall of the Feudal System.

Empires of Ghana and Mali

Complex societies exist in Ghana

1500 BCE - 1499 BCE

Kingdom of Ghana in Northwest Africa

830 - 1235

Berber Empire takes over Ghana by military force

1235 - 1236

Mansa Musa rules Kingdom of Mali

1280 - 1337

Mansa Musa takes hajj to Mecca

1324 - 1325

Kingdom of Mali becomes weakened

1599 - 1600

Renaissance

Dante writes Divine Comedy in Italy

1310 - 1311

This changed history because this is the first book to be written in the Italian vernacular.

Donatello scultps David

1430 - 1440

Printing Press invented by Guttenburg- Renaissance begins

1439 - 1440

This is important because it helped produce books faster and it helped the spread of ideas.

Drawing technique of perspective invented

1470 - 1471

This is important because it made art more human like.

Leonardo Da Vinci dissects cadavers to gain better understanding of human body

1489 - 1519

If Leonardo Da Vinci never dissected the human body, there wouldn't be doctors that knew how the human body worked.

Michelangelo sculpts La Pieta

1501 - 1502

Leonardo Da Vinci paints Mona Lisa

1503 - 1504

Raphael paints School of Athens

1510 - 1511

Shakespeare born; writes the play Macbeth in England

1564 - 1565

Shakespeare changed history because of the ways he used his words.

Cervantes writes the first novel Don Quixote in Spain

1605 - 1616

This is important because Don Quixote was the first novel written.

Galileo provides evidence for heliocentricity and is put on trail by the Church

1610 - 1611

Galileo provides evidence that the Earth revolves around the Sun instead of everything revolving around Earth. He is put on trail because his evidence contradicts the words of the Bible.

William Harvey discovers the heart pumps blood around the body

1628 - 1629

Isaac Newton discovers gravity

1687 - 1688

Reformation

Martin Luther nails 95 Theses - Reformation begins

1517 - 1518

This is important because this started the reformation in the Catholic Church.

King Henry VIII is excommunicated and finds the Anglican Church in England

1531 - 1532

John Calvin finds Calvinist Church based on idea of Predestination

1536 - 1537

Catholic Church holds Council of Trent and Counterreformation begins

1545 - 1563

This is important because this meeting caused changes in the Catholic church.

Age of Exploration

Aztecs domesticate maize (corn)

2500 BCE - 2499 BCE

Invention of the astrolabe makes sea travel easier

1050 - 1051

Aztecs invent chocolate

1200 - 1201

Aztec city of Tenochtitlan founded

1325 - 1326

Age of Exploration begins in search of a sea route to China

1453 - 1454

Constantinople falls to Ottoman Empire - land route to China is blocked

1453 - 1454

Christopher Columbus travels to the Americas instead

1492 - 1493

This is important because a lot of things happened when Columbus "discovered" the Americas.

Columbus returns to Espanola with ships and soldiers - 3Gs - Ecomienda begins

1493 - 1494

Indigenous people in the Americas killed with smallpox blankets

1507 - 1508

This is important because the Indigenous people population decimated rapidly and the Europeans took over everything.

Spanish try to convert Aztecs and decimate the Aztec population

1519 - 1521

This is important because the Spanish tried to make the Aztecs Christians and they killed most of the Aztec population.

Spanish leader Cortes and Aztec King Montezuma meet

1519 - 1521

Triangle Trade

Atlantic slave trade (Triangle Trade) begins

1600 - 1601

When the slaves were crossing the Atlantic Ocean, many of them died because of the harsh conditions they were put in.

Atlantic slave trade ends

1807 - 1808

13th Amendment passed - slavery outlawed in US

1865 - 1866

Enlightenment

Age of Enlightenment

1650 - 1804

This was important because people started to think that the government should be based on logic and reason.

Thomas Hobbes writes Leviathon

1651 - 1652

This was important because he talked about his beliefs on the French Revolution.

John Locke published 2nd Treatise on Government

1689 - 1690

John Locke published his ideas about the social contract theory.

Montesquieu writes Spirit of the Laws

1748 - 1749

Montesquieu wrote about how their should be different branches of power in the government.

Rousseau writes treatise on Social Contract

1762 - 1763

Rousseau wrote about his ideas about the Social Contract theory as did John Locke.

Voltaire invents the idea of civil liberties

1763 - 1764

Voltaire wrote about civil liberties which are rights that government cannot take away.

French and American Revolutions

British Parliament passes the Stamp Act

1765 - 1766

The Stamp Act stated that the American colonists had to buy stamps and had to stamp everything.

British government passes Tea Act

1773 - 1774

The Tea Act states that the American colonists had to buy tea from Europe only.

Louis XVI rules as an absolute monarch of France

1774 - 1789

When Louis XVI was an absolute monarch, this caused tension between him and all of France.

War breaks out between British and the American colonists

1775 - 1776

Because the American colonists were not represented in the Parliament and because of all the taxes, they were very angry.

Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson

1776 - 1777

The Declaration of Independence just states how America wanted to become their own independent country.

American Revolutionary War ends

1783 - 1784

US Constitution written

1787 - 1788

The Constitution is a document that has laws and obligations that American citizens must follow.

French Revolution begins with meeting of the Estates General

1789 - 1790

Storming of the Bastille

1789 - 1790

Bill of Rights added to the Constitution

1789 - 1790

The Bill of Rights protect the citizens rights.

Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

1789 - 1790

After the French Revolution, the French people wrote this document to say what they wanted their rules and laws to be.

Englishmen Burke and Paine disagree about the French Revolution

1790 - 1791

King Louis XVI executed and France declares itself a republic

1792 - 1793

Robespierre leads Reign of Terror

1793 - 1794

The Reign of Terror was when people killed people who didn't believe in the ways of revolutionary France.

Napoleon comes to power and restores peace; writes Napoleonic Code

1804 - 1805

Industrial Revolution

Seed Drill invented

1701 - 1702

Enclosure Acts

1750 - 1860

Industrial Revolution begins

1750 - 1751

This is when factories started to replace the work of humans.

Factory system begins

1750 - 1751

Steam engine invented by Watt

1763 - 1764

Factory Acts passed in England

1830 - 1831

This act states that women and children can only work 12 hours a day.

Strong, flexible steel developed

1856 - 1857

Industrial Revolution ends

1914 - 1915

Modern Connections

European Imperialism in Africa begins

1880 - 1881

This is important because when the Europeans came and took over Africa, they split Africa up and it caused a lot of chaos.

Scopes Trail

1925 - 1926

John Scopes was put on trail because he taught evolution to his science class and at that time, it was illegal.

Rwanda gains independence from Belgium imperialist control

1932 - 1933

First Israel/ Palestinian conflict

1948 - 1949

There is tension between the Israelis and the Palestinians because of the debate over who should control the land.

Israel founded

1948 - 1949

UN Genocide Convention in the aftermath of the Holocaust

1948 - 1949

In this Genocide Convention, they said that if they knew about any genocide, they would come in and help resolve it.

Space Race begins

1957 - 1958

There is a technological race between the U.S and Russia. They wanted to have the first satellite launched into space and wanted to have the first man to walk on the moon.

Soviet Union launches first satellite into Space

1957 - 1958

President Eisenhower makes Sputnik speech

1957 - 1958

President Eisenhower warned the people about the technological race and how he doesn't want it to take over their lives.

Butler Act overturned

1967 - 1968

The Butler Act states that you cannot teach evolution.

US lands first man on the moon

1969 - 1970

Globalization

1970 - Present

Nixon Watergate scandal breaks out

1972 - 1973

President Nixon was spying on his opponent during the presidential election.

Nixon is forced to resign

1974 - 1975

Hutu Power begins genocide of the Tutsis

1994 - 1995

Romeo Dallaire goes to Rwanda to try to stop the Genocide and is unsuccessful

1994 - 1995

Paul Kagame rises to power and genocide in Rwanda ends

1994 - 1995

President Clinton hosts Camp David Peace Talks

2000 - 2001

Rover lands on Mars

2004 - 2005