ONT Timeline

This is a timeline for teaching The Bible in/as History and Literature (Old and New Testament [ONT]) at W.H. Ford High School in Quinlan Independent School District in Quinlan, Texas

Major Biblical Historical Periods

The major periods of Biblical history as defined by the structure of this class and Halley's Bible Handbook (Zondervan, 1994)

Antediluvian World

4000 BC - 2400 BC

The period from Creation to the Flood
Adam
Enoch
Methusalah

Postdiluvian World

2399 BC - 2000 BC

The period from the Flood to Abraham
Noah
Ham
Shem
Japheth
Nimrod

Patriarchs

2000 BC - 1400 BC

Abram (Abraham)
Isaac [Ishmael and Abraham's other sons]
Jacob (Israel) [Esau]
Joseph [11 brothers]
Genesis ends with the death of Joseph, but most historians agree that the Hebrews were in Egypt for nearly 400 years, a large part of it as slaves to the Egyptians.

Exodus, Wandering and Settlement

1400 BC - 1280 BC

Moses
Aaron
Pharaoh
Joshua
Caleb
The 40 years Moses spends in Egypt is only briefly identified in Exodus and this period probably overlaps with the Patriarchs or the Judges.

Judges

1280 BC - 1053 BC

The Hebrews lacked centralized authority and conflict continued with native Canaanite tribes.
Samson
Gideon
Jabez
Deborah and Barak

Monarchy

1053 BC - 586 BC

Saul (First king of Israel; 1053 BC-1033 BC)
David, Solomon ("Golden Age of Israel"; David [1033 BC-993 BC] makes Jerusalem Israel's capital; Solomon [993 BC-933 BC] builds the temple)
The kingdom splits in 933 BC.
Jeroboam leads the ten northern tribes in a revolt and establishes the kingdom of Israel. The capital is Samaria. The Bible states all of the kings of Israel were evil (did not follow Jehovah as David did). Destroyed by the Assyrians in ?
Rehoboam, Solomon's son, maintains the tribes of Judah and Benjamin in the kingdom of Judah with the capital remaining at Jerusalem. About half of the kings were good (followed Jehovah as David did). Destroyed by Babylon in 586 BC.
Prophets:
Israel: Elijah, Elisha, Amos, Hosea
Judah: Isaiah, Jeremiah

Exile and Return

586 BC - 332 BC

Jerusalem falls to Nebuchadnezzar and the Babylonians and the Hebrews are exiled for 50 years in Babylon. Persia defeats the Babylonians and the Hebrews are exiled in Persia for another 20 years. A small remnant of Hebrews are left behind and marry into returning Canaanite tribes forming the Samaritan people. When the Hebrews return, they and the Samaritans have conflict. Ezra works to rebuild the temple and Jewish religion, while Nehemiah works to rebuild Jerusalem. Israel remains under Persian control throughout this period. After Alexander the Great defeats the Persians, Israel remains a small and fragile vassal nation until the fall of the Roman Empire.

Major World Historical Periods

The major periods of world history as commonly accepted by historians.

Corresponding Biblical Texts

The Biblical texts corresponding to this period.

Genesis

4000 BC - 1400 BC

Pentateuch, Law, Books of Moses

Job

1700 BC

Poetry

Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua

1400 BC - 1280 BC

Pentateuch, Law, Books of Moses and Historical Book

Judges

1280 BC - 1053 BC

Historical Book

1-2 Samuel, 1-2 Kings, 1-2 Chronicles

1053 BC - 586 BC

Historical Books
Samuel probably composed about 950 BC
Kings probably compiled in 550 BC
Chronicles probably composed about 400 BC

Psalms

1033 BC

Poetry

Ruth

1000 BC

Historical Book

Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs (Solomon)

950 BC

Poetry

Jonah

800 BC

Minor Prophet

Hosea, Amos

750 BC

Minor Prophets

Isaiah, Micah

700 BC

Isaiah: Major Prophet
Micah: Minor Prophet

Nahum

650 BC

Minor Prophet

Jeremiah

600 BC

Major Prophet

Habbakuk

600 BC

Minor Prophet

Ezekiel

600 BC

Major Prophet

Obadiah

600 BC

Minor Prophet

Lamentations

580 BC

Major Prophets

Daniel

540 BC

Major Prophet

Ezra, Nehemiah

516 BC - 476 BC

Historical Books

Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi

516 BC - 476 BC

Minor Prophets

Joel

500 BC

Minor Prophet

Major Biblical Events

Major events in the Bible

Creation

4000 BC

Creation of the world; Adam [Eve]

Flood

2400 BC - 2399 BC

Also called the Deluge, thus the reason for the Antediluvian World and the Postdiluvian World (Before and After the Deluge)
Noah

Tower of Babel

2349 BC

Languages confused and people dispersed from the Mesopotamian plain

Major Historical Events

Major events in World History