Reconstruction Timeline

Lincoln's Reconstruction

Lincoln issues Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction

1863

Lincoln's Reconstruction

1863 - 1865

Congress passes Wade-Davis Bill, Lincoln Vetoes

1864

Lee surrenders at Appomattox

1865

Lincoln Assassinated

1865

Freedmen's Bureau

1865 - 1869

Presidential Reconstruction

Johnson becomes president

1865

Presidential Reconstruction

1865 - 1867

Congress establishes Joint Committee on Reconstruction

1865

Congress Drafts 14th Amendment

1866

Congress passes Civil Rights Act of 1866 over Johnson’s veto

1866

Johnson vetoes renewal of Freedmen’s Bureau charter

1866

Radical Reconstruction

Congress passes Reconstruction Acts and Tenure of Office Act

1867

Radical Reconstruction

1867 - 1877

House Impeaches Johnson

1868

Senate Acquits Johnson of Impeachment

1868

Ulysses S. Grant elected president

1868

Fourteenth Amendment Ratified

1868

Fifteenth Amendment Ratified

1870

Postwar South and the Black Codes

Postwar South and the Black Codes

1865 - 1877

Black codes begin to be issued by southern states

1865

Ku Klux Klan Forms

1866

Congress passes Civil Right Act

1866

Congress passes the Enforcement Act

1871

Grant's Reconstruction

Fisk-Gould Scheme Forms

1869

Grant's Reconstruction

1869 - 1876

Georgia is last state to be re-admitted in Congress

1870

Tweed Ring is exposed

1871

Crédit Mobilier scandal is exposed

1872

Liberal Republican Party Emereges

1872

Depression of 1873

1873

White League attacks state militia

1874

Whiskey Ring Scandal

1874

Congress passes Resumption Act

1875

The End of Reconstruction

The End of Reconstruction

1873 - 1877

Democrats gain majority in the House

1874

Civil Rights Act of 1875 is passed

1875

Tilden and Hayes both claim presidency

1876 - 1877

Jim Crow Laws Enacted

1876

Reconstruction Ends

1877

Hayes becomes president

1877

Hayes removes troops from the South

1877

Congress Passes Electoral Count Act

1877