In the 900s the first windmill was recorded to grind grains, hence the name windmill. This discovery will lead to the modern day wind turbine that produce electricity.
Thanks to the traditional Persian windmill in 644 windmills were introduced to Europe in the 1100s providing a more efficient way to grind grain.
In the beginning of the 13th century commercial coal mining is introduced to Europe, specifically London
In 1582 the first energy produced by water turning wheels or waterworks was founded in London. This would lead to hydroelectricity that you see today
In 1712 Thomas Newcomer improved the early steam engine and in 1765 James Watt adapted it even further and created the modern day steam engine. This kick started the industrial revolution and opened many doors for travel and trade.
A French scientist named Henry Becquerel discovered photo voltaic cells that allow for the suns energy to be turned into electricity.
In 1892 the first geothermal heating system is built in Boise, Idaho.
In 1935 the Hoover Dam, the largest hydroelectric power plant is built, the Hoover Dam.
Britain constructs its first Nuclear Power plant in 1956 at Calder Hall.
This is the world's largest concentrated solar power generation plant goes online.