Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children are forcibly removed from their families and communities. These children become known as the Stolen Generations.
Australia is the third country to ratify the 1948 Convention on Genocide.
Australia accedes to the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees
The Commonwealth Migration Act 1958 replaces the Immigration Restriction Act of 1901. It omits all reference to race, mandates a simpler system of entry permits and abolishes the dictation test.
A Commonwealth parliamentary committee recommends that all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people be allowed to vote
The right to vote is extended to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in the Northern Territory and Western Australia. Voter education programs begin and elections are held for Indigenous Community Councils. The Commonwealth Electoral Act is amended to allow Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples to vote in federal elections.
Activists go on 'Freedom Rides' through rural NSW to protest against the discrimination of Aboriginal people
The Amendment to the Migration Act 1959 begins to dismantle the White Australia policy
Australians vote to remove two discriminatory clauses in the Constitution. Following this, Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders are to be counted in the population census but the changes also empower the Commonwealth to pass legislation regarding Indigenous peoples.
The Aboriginal flag is first flown at Victoria Square in Adelaide on National Aboriginies Day. Neville Bonner is the first Indigenous person to become a member of the Australian Federal Parliament when he is sworn into the Senate.