Had a fretted neck, gut strings, flat back and parallel sides.
Appears in Spanish and Italian Literature around 1300. Includes Guitarra Latina, Guitarra Moresca. These are a form of Lute brought from North Africa to Spain by the Moors. They had four strings and five or six frets. The Vihuela de Mano had six or seven strings and ten or more frets.
Cetera had moveable wooden block frets
Italian: Chitarra da sette Corde or Chitarrino
French: Guiterre or Guiterne
Called Viola or Vihuela as well as six or more course instruments
Music called Vihuela de cinco ordenes
Called " Beating Guitar " .
Arched Front and Back
Italian Francesco Corbetta. He taught guitar to LouisXIV of France.Dedicated his book "La Guitare Royale" to CharlesII of England.