Civil War Analysis Timeline

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Constitutional Convention

1787

Founding fathers, esp. James Madison, left the convention aware that the divide between North and South was because of slavery--ticking time bomb.

Northern Slaves

1830

There were still 2,254 slaves in New Jersey.

Westernization impacted Slavery Divide

1856

Senator Summer's clubbing, Proslavery soldiers led by Atchison destroy Lawrence, Kansas

Northern Army Retaliation

1856

Brown's Northern Army, official beginning of Civil War

Dred Scott Decision

1857

Divided Northern and Southern, abolitionist and pro-slavery, ideas and opinions.

Slaves' views of the Civil War revealed

1857

The Peculiar Institute book is published.

Beginning of full-out war

1861

President James Buchanan leaves office, Abraham Lincoln is elected.

Russian Emancipation of Serfs

1861

U.S. one of the few political systems left in the world with forced labor and servitude--one of the last slave economies on earth at this time.

Confusion over reason for war

1865 - 1889

Not many documents or books were written about the cause of the war, so many Americans were in denial about slavery.

"Lost Cause" Southern Philosophy

1866

Jefferson Davis's book sparked Southern vehemence against the slavery cause, provoked Southerners to deny that slavery was the cause of the Civil War.

Theodore Roosevelt Elected

1901

Roosevelt wanted to progress beyond the Civil War, left many causes forgotten (his father was pro-Union and his mother was pro-Confederate), because he did not want to spark up the divide again.

Woodrow Wilson Elected

1913

Southern President elected, believed in "Lost Cause" political justification for South in the Civil War

"Lost Cause" promotion in media

1939

Gone with the Wind romanticized the Civil War and presented many Southern opinions to the public of how slavery was not a major cause.

African American voices rise up

1956

The Strange Career of Jim Crow published, former children and descendants of slaves decided to make their voice heard.

Modern-day discrepancy

2010

Governor Bob McDonnell declares Confederate History Month for the state of Virginia, omits slavery as an issue--but then corrects his omission after much criticism.