Between The Wars Timeline

Events

Rise of Fascism

1920

A man named Mussolini started the rise of fascism. This is because he started the Fascist Party which supported Italian nationalism and initiated a terrorism program against their enemy. He led a march on Rome and King Emmanuel lll which caused him to become prime minister.

Roaring Twenties

1920 - 1930

The 1920’s is the first decade to receive a nickname, the “Roaring 20’s” or the “Jazz Age”. Louis Armstrong started improvising his own musical variations on his trumpet in 1922. This was known as Jazz music. The Flappers (a generation of young Western women in the 1920’s, who are known for their iconic look) founded a new dance trend named the Charleston.

Rise of Consumer Society

Approx. 1926

The rise of the consumer society began in the late 1920’s. This was when the TV’s and refrigerators were first developed and started to be sold. The TV’s and refrigerators were first sold around the US and England, Australia received TV’s and refrigerators later.

The Great Depression

29 October 1929 - 29 April 1939

The Great Depression was named The Great Depression because the entire US slumped into a depression due to the stock market crashing which spread to other countries. In the US, by 1933, not even halfway through the depression, the unemployment rate risen to 25% of the population from 3.2% four years prior.

Don Bradman Rose to Fame

Approx. 1930

Don Bradman was an Australian cricketer who was widely known as the greatest batsman of all time. He made a record-breaking performance on the 1930 tour of England which made him a national hero. He has been on two stamps, the 20 cent coin and he starred in a movie as himself and has had a movie been made about him.

Spanish Monarchy Overthrown

14 April 1931

The Second Republic was formed on April 14, 1931 after local elections resulted in anti-monarchist representatives from most cities and large towns. Even though most of rural Spain elected pro-monarchist politicians, the king (King Alfonso Xlll) at the time knew the local town bosses dominated the vote. Due to King Alfonso Xlll knowing this went quietly into exile leaving Spain a republic.

Hitler Appointed Chancellor of Germany

30 January 1933

Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany by President Hindenburg. This was due to the public's demand for Hitler as Chancellor.

Spanish Civil War Starts

17 July 1936

The Spanish Civil War started due to the country being divided about who should rule it due to the monarchy being overthrown. The war consisted of two parties, the Nationalists and the Republicans. Once the Republicans rose to power after the King abdicated in 1931, both parties had periods of power as the government.

The Munich Agreement

28 September 1938 - 29 September 1938

A conference was held in Munich on the 28th and 29th of September 1938. In this meeting the leaders of Great Britain, France and Italy all agreed to allow Germany to add Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia as apart of Germany. This agreement was signed on the second day of the meeting.

Spanish Civil War Ends

1 April 1939

The Spanish Civil War eventually resulted in the Nationalists winning due to them being more organised and better equipped, this was after the the Nationalists seized Madrid in March 1939. This caused Hitler’s position in Europe to be strengthened as he had another potential ally in Spain's General Franco. Germany and Italy’s involvement in the war reinforced their bond and were then solid allies.