History of the Internet




The U.S. government funded the first American electronic digital computer and subsidized the technical advance of the computer industry

Creation of ARPA


The U.S. government creates ARPA in response to the USSR Sputnik launch

First idea on packet switching theory


Leonard Kleinrock at MIT published the first paper on packet switching theory

First idea of interconnection


J.C.R. Licklider wrote memos about a network where everyone on the globe is interconnected and can access programs/data from anywhere

Development of ASCII


The joint-industry government committee creates the American Standard Code for Information Exchange, which permits machines from other manufacturers to exchange data

IBM 360 Computers


IBM released new system 360 computers and set the standard of an 8-bit byte, making the 12-bit and 36-bit soon obsolete

Message blocks, Packet Switching

1965 - 1967

Paul Baran, scientist in the U.S. creates message blocks; Donald Davies, scientist in Britain develops new technology known as 'packet switching'

First wide area connection


With funding help from ARPA, Larry Roberts and Thomas Marill developed the first wide area connection by connecting the TX-2 at MIT to the Q-32 in Santa Monica

Interface Message Processors


At a conference in Michigan, scientist Wesley Clark suggests the network be managed by interconnected 'interface message processors', otherwise known as today's routers

Installation of first node


UCLA installed the first node on the ARPANET; four nodes on the network by end of December