Africa History

Main

Sahara began turning to desert

4000 B.C.

Roman Empire controlled N. Africa

30 B.C.

Kingdoms in Nubia became Christian States

300 - 500

Arab Muslims conquered N. Africa

639 - 710

Kingdoms, including Luba and the Kongo, were established south of the Sahara

1000 - 1500

The Portuguese began to explore Africa's west coast

1400 - 1500

Slave Trade

1500 - 1900

The Dutch founded Cape Town

1652

Europeans began to explore the African interior.

1700 - 1800

European governments began to claim parts of Africa

1880 - 1890

European colonial rule was firmly established in Africa

1920

Most European colonies in Africa became independent.

1950 - 1969

Portugal, last one with African holdings, gave up colonies

1975

White minority rule ends in Rhodesia, now known as Zimbabwe

1979

One of the worst droughts ever hit, especially in Ethiopia

1980 - 1985

South African white Minority gives up Namibia and South Africa

1990 - 1994

Semi-ancient

People in N. Africa started farming.

5000 B.C.

Upper and Lower Egypt became one country

3100 B.C.

Bantu-speaking people began migrating South

1 A.D.