Major events in the development of islam


Birth of Muhammad

570 CE

When Muhammad hears the voice of Gabriel

610 CE

Muhammad begins to preach publicly in Mecca (is met with some hostility)

613 CE

Hijrah migration

622 CE

Muhammad returns to Mecca and defeats its leaders. Also destroys all idols in the Ka'aba

630 CE

Muhammad dies and Abu-Bakr becomes the first caliph

632 CE

Muslim armies conquer Syria and lower Egypt (Byzantine Empire)

634 CE

Caliph Uthman has the Qur'an written down

650 CE