Kailee Palmgren

Events

The First Police

1253

The first police were in London
Called "The Watch of London", later referred to as "Old Charleys"
Paid by the residents they served
Ended in 1829

Bow Street Runners

Approx. 1750 - 1759

First investigative body in England
Began in the 1750's

The London Metropolitan Police

1829

First full-time paid police force
Founded by Home Secretary Sir Robert Peel in 1829
Officers were known as "bobbies"
Headquarters named "Scotland Yard"

First Professional American Police Force

1837

Established in 1837
Created in Boston

New York Police Force

1844

Pinkerton National Detective Agency

1850

Became foundation for the FBI
Named after Allan Pinkerton (scottish immigrants)
Industrial spying on labor union members was shut down in 1930
rogues' gallery - compilation of descriptions, methods of operation, hiding places, and names of associates

Philadelphia Police Force

1854

Prohibition

1920 - 1933

Liquor was illegal
Bootlegging became a rampant crime
Volstead Act was not successful in criminalizing purchase or consumption of alcohol
FBI had no power in this matter

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

1924

First director was J. Edgar Hoover

American Academy of Forensic Sciences

1948

Includes pathology, biology, toxicology, criminalistics, questioned documents, forensic odontology and anthropology