Events of the Cold War

Events

Yalta Conference

February 4, 1945 - February 11, 1945

Meeting between Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin to decide what would happen at the end of the war. Topics discussed included –
Partitioning of Germany
Fate of Poland
The United Nations
German reparations

Potsdam Conference

July 17, 1945 - August 2, 1945

The Potsdam Conference formally divided Germany and Austria into four zones. It was also agreed that the German capital Berlin would be divided into four zones. The Russian Polish border was determined and Korea was to be divided into Soviet and American zones.

Hiroshima & Nagasaki

August 6, 1945 - August 8, 1945

The United States dropped the first atomic bomb in Hiroshima and then in Nagasaki

Iron Curtain Speech

March 5, 1946

Churchill delivers his ‘Sinews of Peace’ speech which contain the famous phrase “..an iron curtain has descended on Europe”

Marshall Plan

1947

This was a programme of economic aid offered by the United States to any European country. The plan was rejected outright by Stalin and any Eastern Bloc country considering accepting aid was reprimanded severely. Consequently the aid was only given to Western European Countries.

Truman Doctrine

1947

President Truman promised to help any country facing a Communist takeover

NATO formed

1949

The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation formed with member states Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom, and the United States

Warsaw Pact

1955

The Warsaw Pact was formed with member states East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Albania, Bulgaria, and the Soviet Union.

Berlin Wall built

1961

Berlin wall built and borders sealed between East and West Germany.

Collapse of USSR

1991