Slavery

Events

Congress bans the slave trade

January 1, 1808

A United States federal law that stated that no new slaves were allowed to enter into US territory.

Missouri Compromise

1820

Jesse Thomas proposes a three part compromise 1) Missouri is admitted as a slave state, 2) Mane would be admitted as a free state, and 3) to keep the sectional balance between free and slave states slavery would be prohibited in territory within the Louisiana purchase north of the 36°30’ line

Compromise of 1850, Fugitive Slave Act

1850

Henry Clay’s compromise offered a plan with 4 main provisions 1) California enters as a free state, 2) the slave trade would be abolished, 3) adds strength to the fugitive slave law, and 4) the status of slavery in the remaining territories will be decided by popular sovereignty/Fugitive Slave Act allowed federal commissioners to determine the fate of alleged fugitives without the benefit of a jury trial or testimony and prohibited local authorities from interfering with captures and requires citizens to assist in captures
After Mexican war, southerners feared California entering as a free state would upset the sectional balance in congress, compromise came out of it, fugitive slave act affected all free states and removed the question of slavery from congressional debate but made further controversy inevitable

Kansas-Nebraska Act

1854

Permitted people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska decide whether or not to allow slavery within their borders.

Bleeding Kansas

1856

violence breaks out between pro and antislavery settlers in Kansas Territory, caused by popular sovereignty and Kansas-Nebraska

Dred Scott Decision

1857

US Supreme Court decides that a slave, Dred Scott, who had resided in a free state was not entitled his freedom and declared that only white persons could be citizens of the United States
The decision declared unconstitutional the Republican platform of restricting slavery's expansion

Civil War

1861 - 1865

The war between North and South to determine state’s rights and the issue of slavery. It concerned the Union and Confederacy, led by Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis. The Union wins the war ultimately.

Emancipation Proclamation

1863

President Lincoln issued a preliminary proclamation on September 22,1862, freeing the slaves in areas under Confederate control (rebellion).

The thirteenth amendment

1865

abolishes slavery
result: produces an intense division between parties, by writing in the principle of equality the amendment made the most important change to the Constitution since the Bill of Rights

the fifteenth amendment

1870

prohibits voting restrictions based on race, color, previous conditions