More than 20 million people died.
More practical leaders e.g. Vice-Chairman Liu Shaoqi and Premier Zhou Enlai introduced economic reforms based on individual incentives (such as allowing families to farm their own plots of land) in an effort to revive the battered economy.
-These policies were detested by Mao, as they went AGAINST THE PRINCIPLES OF PURE COMMUNISM WHICH HE STRONGLY BELIEVED IN.
-Chinese economy grew strongly from 1962-1965 with the more conservative economic policies in place.