More than 20 million people died.
More practical leaders e.g. Vice-Chairman Liu Shaoqi and Premier Zhou Enlai introduced economic reforms based on individual incentives (such as allowing families to farm their own plots of land) in an effort to revive the battered economy.
-These policies were detested by Mao, as they went AGAINST THE PRINCIPLES OF PURE COMMUNISM WHICH HE STRONGLY BELIEVED IN.
-Chinese economy grew strongly from 1962-1965 with the more conservative economic policies in place.
...the “Red Guard” will be labeled a “Counter Revolutionary.”
Notice by Mao.
- Mao had begun to fear that the CCP was becoming too bereaucratic and that Party officials and planners were abandoning their commitment to the values of communism and revolution. (thought he was losing influence)
-Was supposed to be a new revolutionary movement.
Actually called the "Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution", and was a "complex social upheaval that began as a struggle between Mao Zedong and other top party leaders for dominance of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and went on to affect all of China with its call for "continuing revolution". Lasted from 1966 to 1976.
defining the Cultural Revolution.
- Was an effort to define the revolution's goals.
(China’s regular army.)
Movement to Send “intellectuals” and students to the country to work with the peasants.
(and her supporters)
The entire country entered an extended period of grief over him but didn't protest as they had after Zhou Enlai's death.
... (The Tiananmen Incident) in Beijing, and Deng Xioping arrested.
(Under the guidance of Premier Hua Guofeng and Deng Xiaoping.)