Little rock school integration

Events

The U.S. Supreme Court finds that racial segregation in public schools is unconstitutional in the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka.

May 17, 1954

The Blossom Plan is adopted by the Little Rock School Board.

May 24, 1955

The NAACP lawsuit, Aaron v. Cooper is dismissed by Federal Judge John E. Miller. Miller argues that the Little Rock School Board acted in “utmost good faith” in establishing the Blossom Plan.

February 8, 1956

The Mother’s League of Central High School holds its first meeting. The organization advocates for continued segregation in public schools and files a motion for a temporary injunction

August 27, 1957

Ernest Green, a senior member of the Little Rock Nine, is the first African-American to graduate from Central High School.

May 25, 1958

Ernest Green becomes the first black student to graduate from Central High as he joins 600 senior classmates in commencement ceremonies at Quigley Stadium. Federal troops and city police

May 27, 1958

Governor Faubus calls a special session of the state legislature to pass a law allowing him to close public schools to avoid integration and to lease the closed schools to private school

August, 1958

Members of the school board in support of segregation vote not to renew the contracts of more than 40 teachers and school administrators in support of integration.

May 5, 1959

Federal court declared the state's school-closing law unconstitutional. The new school board announced it would reopen the high schools in the fall.

June 18, 1959

School board opens public high schools a month early. Three black girls quietly attend the new Hall High School in the upper income all-white area of west Little Rock with no fanfare.

August 12, 1959