The abduction of Queen Helen of Sparta by the Trojans started the war. The Greeks won and gained Helen. Achilles, Odysseus, Nestor and Ajax were all heroes.
The first Messenian War
Approx. 743 BC - Approx. 710 BC
Started because Sparta wanted to conquer rich, fertile Messenian plains. The Spartans won control of the area. Aristodemus was a hero.
Persian War I
Battle of Marathon was the only battle. Darius I was the king of Persia. The greeks won. Wanted more land and revenge from the Ionian revolt. Nothing was won or lost.
Persian War II
King Xerxes led an invasion of Greece. He wanted revenge. Battles of Thermopylae, Salamis, Plataea. Greeks won again and nothing was gained or lost.
Peloponnesian War II
431 BC - 404 BC
Total defeat of Athens. Caused by concern about the rise of Athenian power and minor conflicts and revolts. Sparta won. The battle of Mantinea was the largest land battle. Thebes played a big part. Sparta wins rule over Greece.
Alexander the Great conquest of Egypt/Persia Alexander vs the world
334 BC - 324 BC
Alex wanted Macedonian domination. Battle of Issus, Battle of Tyre. Alexander was of course the hero. Alexander won many battles and was eventually the king of Persia. He gained domination over many