Freedom Riders


Four young African American men, students at North Carolina Agriculture and Technical College, go to a Woolworth in Greensboro, N.C., and sit down at a whites-only lunch counter. They order

February 1, 1960

Four black college students staged a sit-in at a Woolworth's lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina. The North Carolina sit-in was not the first one for the civil rights movemen

February 1,1960

Martin Luther King Jr. joins a student sit-in at a whites-only restaurant inside of an Atlanta department store, Rich's. He is arrested along with 51 other protesters on the charge of trespassing.

October 19,1960

The Supreme Court hands down a 7-2 decision in the Boynton v. Virginia case, ruling that segregation on vehicles traveling between states is unlawful because it violates the Interstate Commerce Act.

December 5,1960

The first Freedom Ride began. 13 protesters (7 black and 6 white) were led onto a bus by CORE director James Farmer.

May 4, 1961

Members of the Ku Klux Klan attack the second group in Birmingham after making an arrangement with the local police to allow them 15 minutes alone with the bus.

May 14,1961

A mob of more than 100 members of the Klu Klux Klan attacked the freedom riders in Anninston AL. The Klansman slashed the tires, and smashed the windows of the Greyhound bus.

May 15,1961

A new group of young activists join two of the original Freedom Riders to complete the trip. They are placed under arrest in Montgomery, Ala.

May 17,1961

A group of freedom riders departedd Montgomery for Jackson ,Mississippi there several hundred supporters greeted the riders

May 24,1961

President Kennedy announces that he has ordered the Interstate Commerce Commission to enact stricter regulations and fines for buses and facilities that refuse to integrate.

May 29,1961