India 4

Golden Age

The period between the 4th century and 6th century BCE is well known as the Golden Age of India because of the big achievements Indians made in the areas of mathematics, astronomy, science, religion, and philosophy in the Gupta Empire.

The first Mahamastak Abhishek festival

981 BCE

The first Mahamastak Abhishek festival was celebrated to celebrate Buddhism.

The start of Buddhism in India

413 BCE

A Chinese Buddhist pilgrim called Fa Hsien at the age of 65 walked to India from China. He started on foot and returning by sea in 413 BCE

Scythia migrate

400 BCE - 200 BCE

200 B.C.E-400 C.E
Indo-scythian kingdom, a group of people migrated to Central Asia and South Asia the built a kingdom and then Chandragupta the second (Gupta Empire) destroyed the scythians (sakas) entire kingdom leaving it in ruins.

King Chandragupta

321 BCE

321 BCE
The start of the Golden Age and the King Chandragupta.

Ashoka

300 BCE

The king Ashoka led the Mauryan and conquered India. He owned 9000 war elephants.

Ramayana

300 bc

Ramayana teaches us the values of ideology, devotion, duty, relationships, dharma and karma.

Ashoka's Impact

268 BCE - 31 BCE

268-31 BC
Ashoka (268-31 BC), the Mauryan empire conquered the entire subcontinent, extending itself as far as Mysore. Under the king Ashoka conquered Orissa, so many of his men died. Maurya empire, and it collapsed only 100 years after his death.Ashoka raided india for 26 years straight.

Ashoka's power

268 BCE - 31 BCE

He owned 9000 war elephants and he owned thousands of warriors all armed well

The switch of Ashoka

268 BCE - 231 BCE

232 BCE
The king of the Maurya Empire was Ashoka. At first he was a king known for his cruelty but he soon emphasized Gandhi. His reputation change to non violence. He was king from 268-232 BCE. The Mauryan Empire conquered almost all the whole subcontinent, moving itself as far south as Mysore. The Mauryan empire conquered nearly the entire subcontinent, extending itself as far south as Mysore. It was from 268 BCE to 231 BCE.

Ashoka converting

262 BCE

Originally a Hindu, Ashoka converted to Buddhism in 262 BCE because so many of his soldiers died in the battle of Kalinga

Greeks returning

150 BCE

The Greeks returned and conquered the Punjab. At this time buddhism was so influential that the Greek king Menander converted himself. Kingdoms loved buddhism it stay around for 100 years with occasionally fighting

Mughal Empire

The Mughal empire is when six emperors were the leaders of India. The Mughal empire lasted for more than 200 years.

Babur became the emperor

1527 - 1530

Babur fought over his relatives for the throne. He founded the Mughal empire and was the first emperor of the Mughal empire. He was the emperor until 1530

Babur son Humayun became the emperor

1530 - 1556

Humayun was a ineffective leader, because he wasn't a strong leader.

Akbar the Great became the emperor after Humayun died.

1556 - 1605

Akbar was said to be the best leader. He expanded India all the down to the Krishna river. He also let people follow the religion that people wanted to follow.

Jahangir was became the emperor.

1605 - 1627

Jahangir, Akbar's son became the new emperor.

Shah Jahan became the new emperor

1627 - 1658

Shah Jahan was the new emperor. He built many important buildings, such as the Taj Mahal, Pearl Mosque, the Royal Mosque, and the Red Fort.

Aurungzebe became the emperor.

1658 - 1707

Aurungzebe was the new emperor. He trapped his father because he was raising taxes. He did that also to become the emperor himself. After he died, his 3 sons disputed over succession and the Mughal empire crashed, leading into the Colonial era.

Vedic Era

The Vedic era was the base for Hinduism. the Vedic people came from the north over the Himalayas.

The Rig-Veda are composed

1700 BC - 1000 BC

The Rig-Veda is a religious text, kind of like the bible.

Religious texts are written in Vedic, an Indo-European language

1500 BC

The Aryans invaded northern India

1500 BC

They invaded from the north, no one knows exactly where they were from though.

Indo-Aryans discover iron and invade the Ganges Valley

1200 BC - 300 BC

The Aryans moved across the Doab plain

1000 BC - 500 BC

It was difficult because the Doab was thickly forested; the Aryans slowly burned and settled the Doab until they reached the Ganges.

The Aryans moved to eastern and southern India

800 BC

They moved after discovering iron tools

The Aryans ruled over 16 janapadas in Northern India.

750 BC

Janapadas are small cities that they ruled over

the Caste system came

700 BC

When it came the Brahmans and priests were “at the top”

The prince Mahavira founded Jainism in Northern India.

500 BC

The persians conquered the vedic

500 BC

Mahajanapadas

The Mahajanapadas era was a big part of Indian history. In the Mahajapadas era buddhism was created, Alexander the Great took over northern India and kings cyrus and darius conquered most of India.

16 different powers were made

600 BCE

Upanishads were composed in sand script

600 BCE

Prince Siddharta Gautama Becomes the Buddha

527 BCE

The kings Cyrus and Darius moved their empire to the east

500 BCE

Bimbisara dies and is succeeded by Ajatashatru

493 BCE

Ajatashatru dies after expanding the Magadah territory

461 BCE

The Shishunaga dynasty was overthrown by the nanda dynasty

424 BCE

Buddhism was created

400 BCE

Alexander the Great conquered northern India

326 BCE

At the death of Alexander the Great Seleucus obtains India

323 BCE

Colonial Era

The British were interested in the tea and spices that India had. In 1600 the British started trading in India through the East India Company. The British ruled India from 1600 to 1835.

East India trading company is formed

1600

Queen Elizabeth approves of a charter allowing the existence of the east India trading company in India.

East India company is formed

1600 - 1601

The creation of the East India company marks the start of the Colonial Era. The East India company was a trade company.

Colonial era

1600 - 1850

The British were interested in the tea and spices that India had. In 1600 the British started trading in India through the East India Company. The British ruled India from 1600 to 1947

Colonial Era

1601 - 1613

The East India Company takes 12 trips to India and trades goods for tea and spices.

British factory built in Surat

1619

In 1619 Raj gained Jahangir’s permission to build a British factory in Surat.

British Raj came to India

1658

The Raj was like a noble man and gave the British more influence.