Angelin Baskaran

Greek and Roman Empires

Antiochus III "the Great" rules (Greek)

200 BC - 187 BC

Seleucus IV "Philopator" rules (Greek)

187 BC - 175 BC

Antiochus IV "Epiphanes" rules (Greek)

175 BC - 164 BC

Antiochus IV (Epiphanes) invades Egypt

169 BC

Subjugates Palestine

Antiochus V "Eupator" rules

164 BC - 162 BC

Demetrius I "Soter" rules (Greek)

162 BC - 150 BC

Alexander "Epiphanes" rules (Greek)

150 BC - 145 BC

Greece falls under Roman control

Approx. 146 BC

Antiochus VI "Epiphanes Dionysius" rules

145 BC - 142 BC

Demetrius II "Nicator" rules (Greek)

145 BC - 141 BC

Trypho rules (Greek)

142 BC - 138 BC

Antiochus VII "Sidetes" rules (Greek)

138 BC - 129 BC

Demetrius II "Nicator" rules again (Greek)

129 BC - 125 BC

Pompey invades Jerusalem

63 BC

Julius Caesar dictator of Roman Republic

49 BC - 44 BC

Roman Civil War begins

49 BC

Julius Ceasar assassinated

44 BC

Augustus: Roman Emperor

27 BC - 14 BC

Tiberius: Roman Emperor

14 BC - 37 AD

Augustus annexes Judea as Roman Province

6 AD

Caligula: Roman Emperor

37 AD - 41 AD

Claudius: Roman Emperor

41 AD - 54 AD

Nero: Roman Emperor

54 AD - 68 AD

Great Fire in Rome; Christian persecution begins

Approx. 64 AD

Otho/Vitellius: Roman Emperors

69 AD

Vespasian: Roman Emperor

69 AD - 79 AD

Domitian: Roman Emperor

81 AD - 96 AD

Nerva: Roman Emperor

96 AD - Approx. 98 AD

Trajan: Roman Emperor

98 AD - 117 AD

Hadrian: Roman Emperor

117 AD - 138 AD

Antoninus Pius: Roman Emperor

138 AD - 161 AD

Lucius Verus: Co-Roman Emperor

161 AD - 169 AD

Marcus Aurelius: Co-Roman Emperor

161 AD - 180 AD

Israel/Judea

Hellenistic Period

200 BC - 141 BC

Hellenistic period started earlier, but cut off for purposes of timeline

Maccabean Revolt

168 BC - 142 BC

Judas Maccabeus

167 BC - 161 BC

Desecration of Temple (by Epiphanes)

Approx. 167 BCE

Jonathan (High Priest)

152 BC - 143 BC

Simon (High Priest)

143 BC - 135 BC

Hasmonean Dynasty

142 BC - 63 BC

Hasmonean Priest King: John Hyrcanus I

135 BC - 104 BC

Hasmonean Priest King: Aristobulus I

104 BC - 103 BC

Hasmonean Priest King: Alexander Jannaeus

103 BC - 76 BC

Hasmonean Queen: Alexandra

76 BC - 67 BC

Roman Period

62 BC - 200 AD

Roman period went to approx. 320 AD but cut off for purposes of timeline

Hasmonean Priest King: Mattathias Antigonus

40 BC - 37 BC

Herod the Great

40 B.C. - 4 B.C.

Herod the Great captures Jerusalem

37 BC

Herod rebuilds Jerusalem temple

20 BC - 19 BC

Jesus is born

Approx. 6 BC - Approx. 4 BC

Herod Antipas

4 BC - 39 AD

Joseph Caiaphas (High Priest of Israel)

18 AD - 36 AD

Pontius Pilate rules Judea

Approx. 26 AD - Approx. 36 AD

Jesus's Adult Ministry

Approx. 27 AD - Approx. 30 AD

John the Baptist's Ministry

27 AD - 29 AD

Day of Pentecost

30 AD

Jesus death and resurrection

Approx. 30 AD

Stephen's Martyrdom

Approx. 32 AD

Paul in Tarsus/Antioch

33 AD - 44 AD

Conversion of Paul

Approx. 33 AD - Approx. 34 AD

Herod Agrippa I

Approx. 41 AD - Approx. 44 AD

Apostle James Martyred

Approx. 44 AD

Jacob and Simon Uprising

46 AD - 48 AD

Paul's 1st Missionary Journey

46 A.D. - 48 A.D.

Jerusalem Council

48 AD - 49 AD

Paul's 2nd Missionary Journey

49 AD - 52 AD

Jews expelled from Rome

Approx. 49 AD

Paul's 3rd Missionary Journey Begins

52 AD - 55 AD

Paul's arrest in Jerusalem and imprisonment

Approx. 55 AD - Approx. 58 AD

Paul shipwrecked at Malta

59 AD

James brother of Jesus martyred

Approx. 62 AD

Peter and Paul Martyred

Approx. 63 AD - Approx. 64 AD

First Jewish Revolt Against Rome

66 AD - 73 AD

Destruction of Jerusalem Temple

70 AD

Josephus writes Jewish War

Approx. 75 AD

Josephus writes Antiquities of the Jews

93 AD

Josephus dies in Rome

100 AD

Kitos War

115 AD - 117 AD

Second Jewish (Bar Kokhba) Revolt

132 AD - 135 AD

Writing and Canonization of NT (note all dates are estimates)

Septuagint Translated from Hebrew

Approx. 200 BC - 132 BC

Apostolic Age

Approx. 30 AD - Approx. 100 AD

Pauline letters written

Approx. 49 AD - Approx. 62 AD

Paul writes Romans

Approx. 49 AD - Approx. 51 AD

Paul writes Corinthians

Approx. 53 AD - Approx. 55 AD

Mark Gospel written

Approx. 60 AD - Approx. 69 AD

Writing of Didache

Approx. 70 AD - Approx. 95 AD

Matthew, Luke, John and Acts written

Approx. 70 AD - Approx. 95 AD

Ephesians written

Approx. 80 AD - Approx. 90 AD

1/2 Timothy and Titus Written

Approx. 90 AD - Approx. 110 AD

Council of Jamnia

Approx. 90 AD

John writes Revelation and likely 1-3 John

Approx. 90 AD - Approx. 100 AD

Clement writes 1 Clement

95 AD - 100 AD

Iganatius writes his epistles

115 AD - 117 AD

Marcion Canon

Approx. 130 AD - Approx. 140 AD

Shepherd of Hermas likely written

140 AD

Justin Martyr's writings

Approx. 145 AD - Approx. 163 AD

Tatian compiles Diatessaron

Approx. 160 AD

Irenaeus fights heresy

Approx. 180 AD - Approx. 200 AD