Civil war turning point group 5

Events

Politics and Power

Mexican-American War

April 25, 1846 - February 2, 1848

It was a war between Mexico and America for land. American wins the event with the power of the army and gains present day New Mexico, California, Arizona, and Nevada. The land gained in the war is then questioned if these states are to become free or slave states.

Popular Sovereignty

1848

The idea that people should be able to choose the states way of governing the state and if they are to be admitted as a slave or free state. The Kansas-Nebraska Act was based on this idea. The idea eventually led to “Bleeding Kansas” which was a skirmish between people who wanted Kansas as a free or slave state.

Free-Soil party

August 9, 1848

A party that was minor yet played major roles throughout presidential elections. They believed that the extension of Slavery should stop. One of their attempts of this is the Wilmot Proviso which would have prevented states gained from the Mexican-American war to being slave states, but was rejected by the House.

Dred Scott V Sanford

March 6, 1857

This was a supreme court decision that Dred Scott a slave, could not sue his master cause Scott was property not a person. This case infuriated many abolitionists and many of them hoped to change the ruling that the court had made.

Civil War

April 12, 1861 - May 13, 1865

Reconstruction Amendments (13th, 14th, 15th Amendment)

1865 - 1870

These Amendments provided Slaves the rights that many of them had wanted since before the Civil war. The 13th Amendment abolished slavery setting every slave free from their bonds. The 14th amendment granted them rights of a citizen of the United states. The 15th Amendment allowed for Black males to vote which infuriated the National Woman Suffrage Association cause the black women couldn’t vote either.

Reconstruction Era

1865 - 1877

This is the time period after the Civil War where many Ex-slaves are beginning to become citizens of the United states and are allowed to be in society as equals. Yet the idea of “Separate but equal” becomes a thing segregating the Blacks from the whites

KKK

December 24, 1865

This is a clan made of white supremacists despising the black people as well as those who support the black community. The KK was known for Lynching black people as well as some white people as well. There was little resistance from the law to stop such acts caused by the Clan. Eventually the KKK Act of 1871 is passed which allows the president to suspend Habeas corpus if it seems that a person may be involved in the idea of white supremacy.

Slaughter House Cases

1873

These were cases in which the Supreme Court limits the rights of Black citizens. It was the supreme court's interpretation of the 14th amendment where the 14th amendment protects the privileges or immunities of citizenship of the United States, not that of citizenship of a state.