Piracy in Somalia

Main

Somali History

Independence

07/01/1960

Somali Republic formed

Army Coup

10/15/1969

Barre Presidency

10/15/1969 - 01/31/1991

Siad Barre rules as President

Treaty with USSR

1974

Invasion of Ethiopia

1977

Civil War

1980 - 1991

US-Somali Partnership

1982 - 1988

Flow of refugees, famine

1990 - 2012

Government Collapse

1991

Siad Barre driven into exile

No Central Government, Fighting Continues

02/01/1991 - 11/30/2012

Fighting Continues, no effective central government at present; since 1988 nearly 700,00 people have died in over three million displaced due to civil war and famine

Somaliland Independent

05/01/1991

the northwest region declared itself an independent state in May 1991

Puntland Formed

1998

Puntland forms autonomous government

Transitional Government Formed

2004

TNG Elections

2007

TNG (transitional government) holds elections

Drought

03/15/2011 - 04/01/2012

spring drought, UN declares famine in six areas

Piracy

important dates for piracy in Somalia

Political Pirates

1989 - 1990

Political piracy began during Somalia's civil war; led by Somali National Movement

Resource Pirates

1990 - 2012

resource pirates represent foreign nations from Europe and Asia plundering Somali waters

Defensive Pirates

1994 - 2000

Defensive pirates were primarily defending Somali waters from resource pirates.

Ransom Pirates

2000 - 2012

Pirates primarily interested in ransoms

Territory expands

2006 - 2010

pirates expand operating territory, using mother ships as home bases

2007 Attacks

2007

32 ships attacked, 12 taken

2008 attacks

2008

In 2008, 63 ships attacked and 26 taken.

2009 attacks

2009

In 2009, there were 163 attacks reported and 46 taken.

2010 attacks

2010

In 2010, there were 174 attacks and 47 vessels taken.

2011 attacks

2011

In 2011, there were 176 attacks and 25 vessels taken.

2012 attacks

2012

In 2012, there were 34 reported attacks with 5 vessels taken.

International Response to Piracy

AMISOM deploys

2007

AMISOM (African Mission in Somalia) deploys 10,000 peacekeepers

EU NAVFOR launched

11/01/2008

The European Union launched Operation Atalanta in November 2008.

NATO - Op Ocean Shield

08/01/2009

NATO launched Operation Ocean Shield in August 2009.

CTF 151 formed

01/01/2010

Combined Task Force was formed to combat piracy, and is currently led by the Thai Navy. By 2011 30 nations were participating in counter-piracy operations.