Somali Republic formed
Siad Barre rules as President
Siad Barre driven into exile
Fighting Continues, no effective central government at present; since 1988 nearly 700,00 people have died in over three million displaced due to civil war and famine
the northwest region declared itself an independent state in May 1991
Puntland forms autonomous government
TNG (transitional government) holds elections
spring drought, UN declares famine in six areas
important dates for piracy in Somalia
Political piracy began during Somalia's civil war; led by Somali National Movement
resource pirates represent foreign nations from Europe and Asia plundering Somali waters
Defensive pirates were primarily defending Somali waters from resource pirates.
Pirates primarily interested in ransoms
pirates expand operating territory, using mother ships as home bases
32 ships attacked, 12 taken
In 2008, 63 ships attacked and 26 taken.
In 2009, there were 163 attacks reported and 46 taken.
In 2010, there were 174 attacks and 47 vessels taken.
In 2011, there were 176 attacks and 25 vessels taken.
In 2012, there were 34 reported attacks with 5 vessels taken.
AMISOM (African Mission in Somalia) deploys 10,000 peacekeepers
The European Union launched Operation Atalanta in November 2008.
NATO launched Operation Ocean Shield in August 2009.
Combined Task Force was formed to combat piracy, and is currently led by the Thai Navy. By 2011 30 nations were participating in counter-piracy operations.