Jake

Events

Creation of Israel

1947

On 29 November 1947, the UN passed a resolution for the partition of Palestine into two states, Israel and Palestine, or Arab and Jewish.

The terms included the termination of British control over Palestine, and international control over the city of Jerusalem.
the Arab leaders walked out of the general assembly in protest.

The Arab leaders walked out of the General assembly in protest, sparking the Arab-Israeli War.

Arab Israeli War

May 1948 - March 1949

The war caused 700,000 Arabs to flee or be driven from their homes.

The territory of the new Jewish state increased by roughly one-third as a result of the war.

The 1948 Arab-Israeli war began because of the declaration of Israel’s independence on 14 May 1948.

6 Day War

June 5 1967 - June 10 1967

Egypt, Jordan, and Syria united together to fight Israel and end the Jewish state.

Nassar closed the straits of Tiran to block Israeli shipping in May of 1967, for the second time, and mobilised his army on Israel’s border.

Israel won the war and in result gained East Jerusalem and the West Bank from the Jordanians, and the Golan Heights from Syria.

Yom Kippur War

October 6 1973 - October 26 1973

A war fought by a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria against Israel.

Egyptian and Syrian forces crossed ceasefire lines to enter the Sinai Peninsula and the Golan Heights respectively.

Proxy War between the United States of America and USSR, each country supplying ammo to their allies.

First Intifada

1987 - 1993

Palestinian uprising against the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza.

The uprising began on 9 December, in the Jabalia refugee camp after an Israeli Defense Forces’ truck collided with a civilian car, killing four Palestinians.

Israel’s "iron fist" policy of deportations, demolition of homes, collective punishment, curfews and the suppression of political institutions was a failure and led to uprisings and protests.

Oslo Accords

1993 - 2000

In 1993, Palestinian leader, Yasser Arafat, secretly held negotiations with Israel.

The negotiations resulted in the PLO’s recognition of Israel’s right to exist and Israel’s recognition of the PLO.

US congress passes the Jewish Embassy Act

1995

Every country in the world that has an embassy in Israel put it in Tel Aviv, instead of Jerusalem because of the conflicts between Palestinians and Israelis over the city.

In 1995 the Jewish Embassy Act was passed which labeled Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and for the United States’ embassy to be moved to Jerusalem

Still in 2018, no president has moved the US embassy to Jerusalem, however, President Donald Trump has vowed to do so in 2019

Second Intifada

2000 - 2005

The Second Intifada was the second Palestinian uprising, during which much violence occured between Israel and Palestine.

It began when the Israeli Prime Minister from 2000-2006, Ariel Sharon, visited the Temple Mount.

This visit was seen as highly inappropriate by the Palestinians, and demonstrators threw stones at police before being dispersed by the Israeli army.

There were many casualties, from Palestinian suicide bombers and Israeli gunfire and tanks

West Bank Barrier

2003

The construction of the West Bank Barrier Separating the state of Palestine and Israel began in 2002 and is currently 62% completed.

At a total length of 708 kilometres (440 mi) upon completion, the border traced by the barrier is more than double the length of the Green Line.

At times, the border cuts eleven miles deep into the West Bank, isolating some approximately 25,000 Palestinians isolated.

Gaza War

2008 - 2009

The 2008-2009 Gaza War was an armed conflict lasting three weeks, from December 27th 2008 to January 18th 2009, between Palestine and Israel.

Attacking the cities of Gaza, Israel targeted weapons caches and political institutions in order cease Palestinian rocket fire toward Israel.

The conflict resulted in around 1,200 Palestinian deaths and thirteen Israeli deaths.

Israel's actions were denounced by international law because they attacked highly populated areas with innocent civilians.