Birthday Events

Main

Period 1

8000 bc - 600 bc

Neolithic Age (earliest agriculture)

8000 bc - 2000 bc

The Neolithic Age, also called the Stone Age, lasted until some 4000 years ago.

Egypt's Ancient Civilization

3100 bc - 1070 bc

Early Dynastic Period (Sumerian)

3000 bc - 2350 bc

Indus Valley Civilization

2600 bc - 1900 bc

Bronze metallurgy

2000 bc

Horses in use

2000 bc

Abraham migrates to Canaan

1800 bc

Shang Dynasty

1750 bc - 1045 bc

Kassites

1500 bc - 1150 bc

Greece's Dark Age

1150 bc - 800 bc

Zhou Dynasty

1045 bc - 221 bc

Celtics

1000 bc - 390 bc

Foundation of Carthage

814 bc

Assyrian conquest of Egypt

671 bc

Period 2

600 bc - 600 ad

Iron metallurgy

600 bc

Siddhartha Gautama founds Buddhism

500 bc

Xerxes' invasion of Greece

480 bc - 479 bc

Peloponnesian War

431 bc - 404 bc

Chandragupta Maurya becomes king of Magadha

324 bc

Hellenistic Period

323 bc - 30 bc

Kingdom of Meroe

300 bc - 350 ad

Defeat of tribes of Samnium gives Romans control of Italy

290 bc

Camel nomads in southern Sahara

200 bc

Fall of Mauryan Empire

184 bc

Civil wars and failure of the Republic

88 bc - 31 bc

Funan dominates southern Indochina and Isthmus of Kra

50 bc - 560

First mention of camels in northern Sahara

46 bc

First evidence of stirrup

1 ad - 100 ad

Teotihuacan built

100

Moche Culture

200 - 700

Fall of Han Dynasty

220

Sassanid Empire

224 - 651

Third-Century Crisis

235 - 284

Parthian rule begins in Iran

247

Constantine moves capital to Constantinople

324

Collapse of Gupta Empire

550

Muhammad

570 - 632

Sui unification

581 - 618

Period 3

600 ad - 1450 ad

Tang Empire Founded

618

Conquest of Egypt by Arabs

639 - 642

Ali caliph; first civil war

656 - 661

Muslim conquest of Spain

711

Battle of Tours

732

Abbasid Caliphate

750

Teotihuacan destroyed

750

Varangians take control of Kiev

880

Koryo founded

918

Song Empire founded

960

Beginning of Holy Roman Empire

962

Fatimids conquer Egypt

969

Vladmir becomes prince of Kievian Russia

980

Climax of investiture controversy

1076 - 1078

Southern Song Period

1127 - 1279

Widespread use of crossbows

1200

First Mongol attacks in Iran

1219 - 1223

Mali Empire founded

1230

Mamluks control Egypt

1250

Mongols sack Baghdad and kill caliph

1258

Reign of Timur

1270 - 1405

Rise of Universities

1300 - 1500

Great Famine

1315 - 1317

Aztec founded

1325

Start of Hundred Years War

1337

Plague at Kaffa

1346

Ming founded

1368

Timur sacks Delhi

1398

Inca expansion

1430

Tuareg retake Timbuktu; Mali declines

1433

Period 4

1450 - 1750

Gutenberg Bible

1454

Expulsion of Jews from Spain

1492

Port of Malacca at its peak

1500