The Crusades

Main

Battle of Manzikert

1071

The Seljuk Turks defeat the Byzantines and extend their control over most of Anatolia.

Byzantines ask for help

1095

Emperor Alexios of the Byzantine Empire asks Pope Urban II of Rome for help fighting Muslims in Anatolia.

Conquest of Jerusalem

1099

Crusader armies capture Jerusalem and massacre its population

Crusaders control Jerusalem

1099 - 1187

Zengi conquers Edessa

1144

Imad al-Din Zengi conquers one of the Crusader states, the County of Edessa

Salah al-Din unites Syria and Egypt

1174

Salah al-Din liberates Jerusalem

1187