Colombian History

Events

Spain begins conquest of Colombia

1525

Spain establishes the settlement of Santa Fe de Bogota, which subsequently becomes known as Bogota, the current capital.

1536 - 1538

Bogota becomes the capital of the Spanish viceroyalty of Nueva Granada, which also rules Ecuador and Venezuela.

1718

Simon Bolivar defeats Spanish at Boyaca.

1819

Conservative and Liberal parties founded.

1849

The Liberal Party rule sees the country divided into nine different viewed groups and the church separated from the state.

1861 - 1885

Start of 45 years of Conservative Party rule during which power is recentralised and church influence restored.

1885

"The War of the Thousand Days": around 120,000 people die in civil war between Liberals and Conservatives

1899 - 1903

Liberal President Olaya Herrera elected by coalition.

1930

Conservatives return to power.

1946