Spain begins conquest of Colombia
Spain establishes the settlement of Santa Fe de Bogota, which subsequently becomes known as Bogota, the current capital.
1536 - 1538
Bogota becomes the capital of the Spanish viceroyalty of Nueva Granada, which also rules Ecuador and Venezuela.
Simon Bolivar defeats Spanish at Boyaca.
Conservative and Liberal parties founded.
The Liberal Party rule sees the country divided into nine different viewed groups and the church separated from the state.
1861 - 1885
Start of 45 years of Conservative Party rule during which power is recentralised and church influence restored.
"The War of the Thousand Days": around 120,000 people die in civil war between Liberals and Conservatives
1899 - 1903
Liberal President Olaya Herrera elected by coalition.
Conservatives return to power.