Christian Felix Weisse
1781 Lieder- notable piano parts. Songs notated on 3 staves
1797 Gott, Erhalte den Kaiser- became Austrian national anthem
1794-95 12 English canzonettas; music more interesting than text
Proponent of music education. Close relationship with Goethe.
Known for ballads. Modeled off of Scottish and British. Influenced Schubert.
Leyer und Schwert op. 41-43 (Körner)
Die Vier Temperamente beim Verluste der Geliebten (Gubitz)
Schubert composes "Gretchen am Spinnrade"
An die ferne Geliebte, composed by Beethoven
Good friends. Hellenic themes. Collaborated on 47 songs.
Meetings of Schubert's friends and followers for the purpose of sharing art, ideas, and music
Musical figures, color symbolism
Imaginary society to defeat Philistines; Neue Zeitschwift für Musik magazine.
book of lieder with texts by Mörike
book of lieder with texts by Eichendorff
book of lieder with texts by Goethe
Texts translated by Paul Heyse and Emanuel Geibel
Translated by Paul Heyse
Poème d'un jour, Après un rêve, Lydia
Clair de Lune, Spleen, Green
Second Verlaine cycle, written at summer home. Verlaine wrote them in anticipation of his marriage to Mathilde Mauté de Fleurville. Lydia theme is present. Crowning work of Fauré.
Poetry by Leconte de Lisle. Opus 76
Developed hearing problems. Only middle register was accurate, so his songs of this period reflect that.
Op. 95. Clear arpeggiations. Very sparse accompaniment.
Set of vocalises by Honnegeur, Iber, Ravel, Roussel, Fauré
Shorter, warmer, less austere than Le jardin clos. Le Mirage and L'Horizon Chimérique
Op. 106. Most sparsely scored of his song cycles.
Helped steer Germans away from French literary model. Greek & Roman background. Awakens interest in Anacreon (wine & love)
Study of folk poetry
Novel Launches Romantic Movement
Poems mirrored simplicity of folk poetry. Brahms, Grieg, Liszt, Mendelssohn, Schumann, Schubert.
Collection of folk lyrics. Compiled by Achim von Arnim and Brentano. Established Romantic themes of hunger & starvation, nature, love, war, death, religion, humor.
Including "Lyrisches Intermezzo," the text for Schumann's "Dichterliebe" and Mendelssohn songs
scandalous themes: sex, death, homosexuality, the sense of smell and fragrances to evoke nostalgia. Moving away from Romanticism
Paris. Was a great supporter. Psychological reaction to music
Play title coined movement from 1760s-1780s. Combination of French and German styles; less important to follow rules/form, more important to say something meaningful.
Rising of the middle and lower classes
First edition. Shed influence of French Englightenment
Metternich's suppression of liberalism and nationalism lead to uprising of private salons for growth of ideas
Social phenomenon centered on family and meaningful relationships. Simple, accessible music for home (salons) preferred.
2nd Foreign Minister of the Austrian Empire. Paranoid of revolt. Suppressed students and sharing of ideas.
Heine and other artists move to France as a result
Paris commune. Thousands killed. Verlaine survived it, went into hiding