The Reign of Terror


The Rise of Napoleon and Creation of an Empire

1789 - 1799

Born on the island of Corsica, Napoleon rapidly rose through the ranks of the military during the French Revolution. In 1795, a young military man by the name of Napoleon Bonaparte was ordered to put down the Parisian mob that was storming the Tuileries Palace. Napoleon, already in 1795, would demonstrate the combination of ambition and ruthlessness that would characterize his entire career.

The Meeting of the Estates General


the King Louis XVI called a meeting of the Estates General. It was the first meeting of the Estates General. He called the meeting because the French government was having financial problems. The orders of the realm: the clergy and nobility—which were privileged minorities—and a Third Estate, which represented the majority of the people.

The Tennis Court Oath

June 20th, 1789

The members of the French Estates-General for the Third Estate, who had begun to call themselves the National Assembly, The Estates-General had been called to address the country's agricultural crisis, but immediately after discussing in May 1789, the Third Estate, led by the comte de Mirabeau, began to call themselves the National Assembly.

The Storming of the Bastille

July 14, 1789

The medieval fortress, armory, and political prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the center of Paris. The prison contained just seven inmates at the time of its storming, but was seen by the revolutionaries as a symbol of the monarchy's abuses of power. its fall was the starting point of the French Revolution.

Reign of Terror

1793 - 1794

Between June 1793 and the end of July 1794, there were 16,594 official death sentences in France, of which 2,639 were in Paris.

Napoleon's Empire Collapses

April 11 1814

He was defeated by the Seventh Coalition at the Battle of Waterloo. In 1806, Napoleon set up a blockade to the rest of the European nations. In response to the French blockade the British made their own blockade which was more effective than the French.

Congress of Vienna

November 1814 - June 1815

It was a meeting of ambassadors of European states controlled by Austrian statesman, the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814, The objective of the Congress was to provide a long-term peace plan for Europe by settling critical issues rising from the French Wars and the Napoleonic Wars.