Buchenwald

Events

Large groups of prisoners began to arrive in the camp and they eventually reached 2,561 prisoners.

1937

The camp was established when the first group of prisoners, consisting of 149 people, were brought to the site.

July 16, 1937

The name "Buchenwald" was given to the camp by Heinrich Himmler.

July 28, 1937

The name "Buchenwald" was given to the camp by Heinrich Himmler.

2,200 prisoners from Austria were added to the prisoners in Buchenwald.

September 23, 1938

A general underground movement that included Jews came into being, called the International Underground Committee.

1943

Women are brought to Buchenwald.

1943

Transports of Hungarian Jews began coming to Buchenwald from Auschwitz.

1944

Auschwitz and other camps were getting evacuated, so thousands of prisoners arrived in Buchenwald.

January 18, 1945

The US forces approached the camp and the Germans begin to evacuate thousands of people.

April, 1945

31 members of the Buchenwald camp staff were tried for their crimes by an American court.

1947