Module 2: Timeline

Events

First Course Sent by Mail in United States

1728

The first correspondence course by mail. The courses taught
shorthand. This served as an important first step of developing a
course for adults needing to learn a skill but not geographically
being able to attend a physical school or training facility.

Dumbould, B. (2014, July 11). A brief history of online learning. Retrieved from https://www.straighterline.com/blog/brief-history-online-learning-infographic/

First Correspondence Course by Mail in the United Kingdom

1840

Like in the United States the United Kingdom saw the
development of a course on shorthand by mail delivery. This
development in 1840 reflected advances in postal services in the United Kingdom and the need for more skilled labor in the
industrial era. The importance and need for distance learning
was slowly growing.

Howell, S., Williams, P. B., & Lindsay, N. K. (2003). Thirty-two trends affecting distance education: An informed foundation for strategic planning. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 6(3). Retrieved from https://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/fall63/howell63.html

Sumner, J. (2000). Serving the system: A critical history of distance education. Open Learning, 15(3), 267-285. Retrieved from https://webcourses.ucf.edu/courses/1271171/files/64281268/download?wrap=1

University of London Develops Distance Learning Courses

1858

This event shows the early desire of universities to become a
part of distance learning. It took some time for distance learning
to be seen as credible. Having the backing of a major university was a major first step.

Osborne, C. (2012, April 1). The history of distance learning. Retrieved from http://www.zdnet.com/article/the-history-of-distance-learning-infographic/

Use of Radio for Courses Taught through Pennsylvania State University

1922


Image by Armstrong1113149

This event showed the desire to leverage technology for
distance learning. Radio was the mass communication of
the day. However, it was limited by the technology needed to
broadcast, the student would have to be available at a specific
time, and it was a one way communication. But it was the use of
the technology of the day for distance learning, setting the stage for television and eventually eLearning.

Osborne, C. (2012, April 1). The history of distance learning. Retrieved from http://www.zdnet.com/article/the-history-of-distance-learning-infographic/

Television Used at the University of Iowa

1934


Photograph by Zaphod

This event shows the continued development of technology
used in distance learning. It faced the same limitation as the
radio, but again proved there was a desire to leverage technology to
improve distance learning.

Osborne, C. (2012, April 1). The history of distance learning. Retrieved from http://www.zdnet.com/article/the-history-of-distance-learning-infographic/

Internet (ARPANET) Developed

1969


ARPANET in 1974, Photograph Yngvar

Initially supported by research universities and the military
ARPANET brought the connectivity that we have come to expect from what has become the internet. Two way communication was now available.

Dumbould, B. (2014, July 11). A brief history of online learning. Retrieved from https://www.straighterline.com/blog/brief-history-online-learning-infographic/

World Wide Web

1989

Tim Berners-Lee, 2014, photo by Paul Clarke

Tim Berners-Lee began developing the World Wide Web in 1989 at CERN Laboratories. This would allow people to easily share
files and information over the internet and lead to the
development of web browsers and other important technologies.

World Wide Web Foundation. (n.d.). History of the web. Retrieved from https://webfoundation.org/about/vision/history-of-the-web/

First Accredited Online Degree

1993

Jones International University becomes the first American
university to receive accreditation for an online degree. While the university has since closed this was an important step that has allowed online degrees to become as prevalent as they are today.

Smarty, A. (2010, June 18). History of online education. Retrieved from http://www.saycampuslife.com/2010/06/18/history-of-online-education/

CALCampus

1994

The development of a system were students were connected
online to the class material, their instructors, and each other. This served as a precursor to the for profit LMS systems (WebCT and Blackboard) that would come later in the decade. The two way
nature of instructor and students being able to connect
synchronously or asynchronously through an LMS was an
essential development eLearning.

Culatta, R. (2011). Online learning timeline. Retrieved from http://www.innovativelearning.com/online_learning/timeline.html

Osborne, C. (2012, April 1). The history of distance learning. Retrieved from http://www.zdnet.com/article/the-history-of-distance-learning-infographic/

Massive Open Online Courses

2007

While the lasting impact of Massive Open Online Courses
(MOOCs) is in question it does raise the possibilities of
inexpensive courses with no structured degree program. It also
shows the possibility of badges and other forms of personal and professional development outside of the traditional college
degree. It will be interesting to see if this event is a footnote or
something that truly makes a lasting impact on the way we view education.

Dumbould, B. (2014, July 11). A brief history of online learning. Retrieved from https://www.straighterline.com/blog/brief-history-online-learning-infographic/