Ratification of the Constitution


Intolerable Acts


New England Restraining Act


Parliament passed an act banning trade between the New England colonies and any other country besides Great Britain.

Common Sense


Common Sense was a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that was meant to inform the colonies, Britain, and it's king of the horrible sense of leadership the the king had been showing.

Battle of Princeton

1777 - 1778

British General Howe reacted to the Battle of Trenton by sending a large force of men to New Jersey. At Princeton, Washington once again launched a surprise attack, and succeeded in defeating the British. This helped boost the Americans' morale.

The British Attack in North and South

1779 - 1782

In the frontier settlements of Pennsylvania, Loyalists and Indians led by Mohawk Joseph Brant attacked American settlers. The Loyalists soon were defeated, and Americans went on to destroy many Native American villages whose residents were fighting on the side of the British.

The Army Complains

1783 - 1784

When a delegation of army officers complained to Congress about their unpaid salaries and pensions, Congress had no quick solution. An anonymous letter urged officers to unite and attempt one last appeal to Congress. If its attempt was ignored, the army was prepared to revolt against Congress.

Congress Lacks Power over Commerce

1785 - 1786

When American commissioners attempted to make trade arrangements with Britain, the British Ambassador refused, because any state could decline to abide by Congress's trade regulations.

Shays’s Rebellion

1786 - 1788

Shays's Rebellion was a revolt against the government by war veterans from the Revolutionary War.

The Constitutional Convention

1787 - 1788

Every state but Rhode Island sent delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. The gathering included some of the most respected and talented men in America.

Ratification of the Constitution