The Civil War As A Turning Point In American History Timeline Project

Pre-Civil War (1820 - 1861)

America in the World

America in the World

1820 - 1900
  1. Pre Civil War: The technological advances and religious and social movements of the Antebellum Period had a profound effect on the course of American history. This includes westward expansion to the Pacific, a population shift from farms to industrial centers, sectional divisions that ended in civil war, the abolition of slavery and the growth of feminist and temperance movements.

Post Civil War: After the Civil War, the Reconstruction Era began. Confederate states pledged their loyalty to the U.S. Government and began to draft new constitutions. The U.S. was unified after the dividing war which was a huge turning point.

2.Pre Civil War: The British textile industry used Southern U.S. cotton in order to keep stocks in the mills operating. U.S. cotton workers and slaves had no interests in British politics, except that their relations should be good enough to hold their exports running. Relations with Britain and Canada were stable before the Civil War and trade was effective.

Post Civil War: Britain and Canada now had different views on the U.S. as they did not recognize the Confederate states and did not agree with the Civil War. Following the Civil War, the U.S. had interests in raiding Vermont, but Canada wasn't fond of that idea. Britain held grudges towards the U.S. as it had impacted Britain’s economy and trade.

Culture and Society

what happened here?

Culture and Society

1820 - 1900

Pre Civil War: In the South, the culture consisted of slaves being imported from different slave masters or from all over. There were about 3,000,000 slaves in the South in the 1860’s. Compared to the South, the North was thriving socially and culturally. The North disliked slavery and were impactful as african americans were no longer slaves, but free people.

Post Civil War: After the Civil War, the African American culture became more prominent because their identity was finally able to be seen. Over generations after the Civil War, the American and African American culture fused and became what is shown today.

Geography and the Environment

Geography and the Environment

1820 - 1900

Pre Civil War: 20 years prior to the civil war, American had gained new territory due to the Mexican-American War. Tensions were high between political leaders as the geography in the U.S. was increased to former Northern Mexico. The natural environment that was used for agriculture and human-made environments benefited the country.

Post Civil War: After the Civil War, The U.S. allowed Mexican military to purchase ammunition and weapons in order to appear more threatening to Paris and Napoleon. The two countries relations improved due to the U.S. also supplying forces to fight along side Mexico. Several confederates in the U.S. also fled to Mexico after the Civil War, which demonstrates foreign policy as much more calm.

Migration and Settlement

what happened here?

Migration and Settlement

1820 - 1900

Pre Civil War: A vast variety of European immigrants, Irish (potato famine), England, Wales, and France came to the U.S. in hope of a life without political oppression and economic stability. Europeans formed their own ethnic communities, mostly around New York where they kept their culture alive.

Post Civil War: The Civil War made a decrease in the amount of foreigners that migrated to the U.S. The participation of immigrants was the cause of the disinterests of people in countries around the world. The ethnic communities remain and grew as they educated themselves due to their newly gained rights.

Politics and Power

what happened here?

Politics and Power

1820 - 1900
  1. Pre Civil War: The Election of 1860 (1860) was when Abraham Lincoln won the presidency with almost no Southern support. This enraged Southerners as they saw that their vote didn't matter and it led them to want to secede from the nation. The seven states which seceded later became the Confederacy.

Post Civil War: The thirteenth amendment(1865) was added to the Constitution which abolished slavery. Involuntary servitude however was allowed if it was for punishment. Although the slaves were free they still were not equal to whites.
The Civil Rights Act (1866) gave African Americans citizenship. This Act also prevented black codes made to discriminate them. Andrew Johnson was impeached after he tried to veto this act.
2 Pre Civil War: James Buchanan was the U.S. president prior to the Civil War, who served from 1857 to 1861. He represented the Democratic party and took no action over the debate of slavery and or the Southern states that succeed prior to the Civil War.

Post Civil war: The Compromise of 1877; The election of 1877 was won by Hayes without a southern vote but they came to a compromise. Hayes was allowed to remain president if the troops were pulled out of the South. The compromise also put Democrats in the presidential candidate and this marked the end if the reconstruction.

Work, Exchange, and Technology

Work, Exchange, and Technology

1820 - 1900
  1. Pre Civil War: Newspapers was a common way to spread news throughout the nation and cost about a penny. The rotary press and steam power for printing were vital technology that made easy money for the nation.
    Post Civil War:The telegram was invented and news was able to be communicated through various outlets in a much faster manner. The distribution of news was rapid and helped the newly united nation to effectively run their businesses.

  2. Pre Civil War: Bricks, wood, and fragile materials were used for agricultural tools and home necessities. This caused businesses, homes, and tools to fall apart due to the weak and underdeveloped technology created. Industrialization was not a priority as tensions arised and war was ready to begin.
    Post Civil War: The Civil War brought a rise in industrialization and the use of various roles of technology which increased the economy of the U.S. The country was using massive amounts of coal and iron in order to manufacture various tools for agriculture or simply home necessities. This increased the profits for the government and the value of currency.

  3. Pre civil war: The U.S. had a declining economy due to the preparation costs that the nation used. The financial crisis that was emerging because of the Civil War seemed irreparable. There was no true order to loans, banking systems, and financial credit systems.

Post civil war: The National Bank Act (1864) established a banking system in the US and it began the us of national currency. This helped the state and national banks cooperate. It was created in order to keep a reliable market for the government bonds.
4.
Pre Civil war: The U.S. had medieval ways that they used to perform medical procedures. One example is using the same equipment without cleaning it. Using saws for amputations and it was popular to chew on bullets to resist the pain. The medical field was so horrible that soldiers would rather die than go to a hospital.
Post Civil war: After the Civil war there were more sanitary requirements for doctors thanks to the creation of the American Red Cross. Another major bonus after the Civil war was the introduction of ambulances. After the civil war they notice the flaws in their medicine and started searching for solutions.

American and National Identity

American and National Identity

1820 - 1900

Pre Civil War: Nativism was popular in places where the Irish resided after the potato famine. This Nativism American to feel pride in being American that they hated immigrants especially Irish ones. This was shown with caricatures showing them as apelike redheads and they called the black people turned inside out. Basically the Irish were discriminated for being Irish.

Post Civil War: Nativism is still dominant however the Confederate states are mad that they lost and they now target black people. Although they are not Immigrants they see them as inferior because they are not white Americans and they pass laws over the years that discriminate black people. Or they find a way to do it. For example when they rented their land they made sure that black people could not afford it so they would get a loan and the interest would be really high.

Post Civil War (1865 - 1900)