For the Westinghouse display at the World's fair,Edward U. Condon traditional game Nim in which players try to avoid picking up at least matchstick,Tens of housands of people play it, and the computer wins at least 90% of the games.
Thomas T. Goldsmith Jr, and Estle Ray Mann file a patent for a "cathode ray tube amusement devide". Their game, which used a catthode ray tube hooked to an oscilloscope display, challenges players to fire a gun at a target.
Claude Shannon lays out the basic guidelines for programming a chess-playing computer in an article, "Programming a Computer for playing Chess" That same year oth he and Englishman Alan Turing create chess programs.
A.S. Douglass creates OXO (a game know as noughts and crosses in the United Kingdom and tic-tac-toe in the United States) on Cambridge's EDSAC computer as part of his research on human-computer interactions
Programmers at new Mexico's Los Alamos laboratories,the birthplace of the atomic bomb, develp the first blackjack program on an IBM-701 computer
The long tradition of military wargaming enters the computer age when the U.S. military designs Hutspiel,in which Red and Blue players(representing NATO and SOVIET commanders)wage war.
Arthur Samuel demonstrates his computer checkers program, written on an IBM-701, on national television.Six years later the program defeats a checkers master.
Everyone is a programmer.That's the creed of Dartmouth's John Kenedy who creates the comuter time-share system and BASIC programming language at Dartmouth.Both make it easy for students to write computer games,Soon,Countless games are being created.
Nolan Bushnell and Al Alcorn of Atari develop an arcade table tennis game.When they test it in Andy Capps Tavern in Sunnyvale,California,it stops working.Why? Because played it so much it jammed with quarters.Pong, an arcade legend,is born.
Two decades before DOOM,Maze Wars introduces the first-person shouter by taking players into a labyrinth of passafes ade from wire-frame graphics.