Haitian Revolution

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1790

1790

The Saint-Domingue mulattoes and Vincent Oge go to the French assembly to get the rights for the black. They failed.

1791

1791

The The Colonial Assembly (government) of Saint-Domingue grants citizenship to all free blacks and mulattoes (mixed white and black) after the French General Assembly granted their colored citizen rights.

1791

1791

The whites and platers are very upset. Violence and uprising occur.

1791

1791

Vincent Ogé was executed.

1791

1791

Toussaint is the cheif medical officer, then Biassou's side

1797

1791

Toussaint and his troops force Sonthonax to leave Saint Domingue.

1792

1792

Free blacks and mulattoes are given the right to vote and freedom. The slaves are not.

1792

1792

Commissioners with 6000 troops come to support the free blacks against the angry whites.

1793

1793

Commissioner Santhonax frees 15,000 salves who helped defeat General Galbaud.

1793

1793

Britain wants to make Saint-Domingue a British colony.

1793

1793

Toussaint controls parts of the island and is helps the colored.

1793

1793

French commissioners join with the free colored people to go against the whites.

1794

1794

French National Assembly abolished the slavery in the colonies, including Saint-Domingue.

1794

1794

Toussaint joins the French with his 4,000 trained troops.

1794

1794

Spain and France sign a peace treaty, but the British are still trying to get the land.

1794

1794

Etienne Leveaux is made the new governor of St. Domingue.

1795

1795

France launches attacks on the British.

1795

1795

France gets two-thirds of the island Hispaniola from Spain

1796

1796

Governor Laveaux is imprisoned by the mulattoes.

1796

1796

Toussaint is named, by Laveaux, the new governor.

1796

1796

France and Spain create and alliance to defeat the British.

1796

1796

Laveaux leave St. Domingue and becomes the island's representative in France.

1797

1797

Toussaint become the Commander in Chief.

1797

1797

Toussaint and his troop for Sonthonax to leave Saint Domingue

1798

1798

Toussaint negotiates and gets the British troops to leave the island.

1798

1798

Quasi War begins between United States and France

1799

1799

Napoleon overthrows the French Directory and declares himself consul for life. He issues a proclamation on Saint Domingue.

1799

1799

Toussaint sends out a secret treaty to Great Britian and the United States

1799

1799

John Adams signs a proclamation alone to trade between the United States and St. Domingue.

1800

1800

Toussiant controls all of Saint-Domingue.

1800

1800

Franch and the U.S. sign the Convenetion of 1800, which ends the Quasi War.

1801

1801

Toussaint controls the whole island of Hispaniola and abolishes slavery throughout.

1801

1801

Toussiant's nephew, Moise, goes to against Toussaint.

1801

1801

Toussiant creates a new Constitution and sends a copy to Napoleon.

1801

1801

Napoleon orders a General to take troop over Saint-Domingue.

1802

1802

Napoleon and Toussaint fight over leadership and slavery. To end the fighting, Napoleon lies and so when the fighting actually ends, Napoleon re-establishes slavery and says that every black man over 12 years old should be killed. Slavery is also re-established in the French colony.

1802

1802

Napoleon sends Toussaint a letter saying the should plan surrender.

1802

1802

Toussaint and his family are jailed near the Swiss Mountains.

1803

1803

Many massacres of the blacks occurred in Saint Domingue.

1803

1803

Last French troop leaves Saint Domingue.

1803

1803

Toussaint dies at Fort De Joux where he was imprisoned.

1803

1803

Battle of Vertieres occurs and is the final defeat of the French.

1804

1804

General Jean Jacques Dessalines announces Saint Domingue's independence and its name is changed to Haiti.

1804

1804

Dessalines is still mad at the whites, and gathers more than 4,000 remaining colonists, woman and children, and kills them.

1804

1804

Napoleon declares himself emperor of France and Jean Jacques Dessalines declares himself the emperor of Haiti.